Egyptian Mau is one of those first domesticated cats that have lived alongside humans for hundreds of years. The oldest fresco with the image of this graceful beauty is dated 2200 BC. - cat Mau sits next to the great pharaoh.
Breed with another can not be confused because of the characteristic pattern in the form of the letter "M" on the forehead. They grow medium size, weigh 3-6.5 kg, and live 14-15 years.
"Mau" from Egyptian is translated as "cat."
Origin (homeland, time of occurrence)
The exact date is very difficult to establish, but scientists assume that the Egyptian Mau live with a man since 3000 BC. They were distributed in ancient Egypt, where they were considered sacred animals.
It is likely that they are descended from a wild African cat, which was domesticated. Egyptian priestesses identified a graceful and majestic cat with a deity, and even one of the main goddesses - Bastet - was depicted with a cat's head.
Mau lived in temples as messengers of the gods, and after their death they embalmed as dead people.
The newest history of the Egyptian Mau breed dates back to the mid-twentieth century, after the Russian princess Natalia Trubetskoy met the Egyptian ambassador. He was the owner of a magnificent Mau, and the princess asked the ambassador to sell her several kittens - she liked them so much.
But then the breed has not yet been recognized internationally. During immigration to the United States, she took the cats with her. In North America, there were experts who took up the breeding of a new breed, which gained recognition at the end of the twentieth century.
Appearance (wool, color, appearance.)
The body is strong, muscular, proportional. Movement fast, graceful. The paws are long and slender, the back slightly longer than the front - it seems that the cat always tiptoeing. The tail is long, flat, rounded.
The head is wedge-shaped, rounded. Pronounced cheekbones, small, even chin. Ears large or medium in size, rounded, set wide apart. Between the ears there is a pattern in the shape of the letter “W” - an Egyptian scarab.
The eyes are unusually expressive - large, almond-shaped, golden with a greenish tint. Facial expression is always smart, interested.
The eyes of cats can change color - at birth they are green, but by the 2nd year they become golden.
Egyptian Mau stand out with a beautiful fur coat - a light background with black or dark gray spots.
Color standards: silver, smoky, bronze. The color may be blue, but such cats may not be allowed to compete. There is a Mau completely black or with a barely noticeable pattern, they are considered marriage. Wool thick, shiny, very soft. Has undercoat.
Temper is very active - wild roots affect it. Mau never sit on the spot and feel the incredible pleasure of chasing a brisk fly or a clockwork toy.
They often write about cats that they are active, but no breed can match the Egyptian Mau in strength, dexterity and the constant desire to gallop around the house. They will also climb everywhere and everywhere, interested in any occupation of the owner.
In order to somehow calm their temperament, you need to practice with a kitten, to teach him to direct his strength to classes with a claw or toys.
They get along well with the babies, as they themselves remain children to old age. Egyptian Mau will never show aggression, and if they feel that they are beginning to get too far or can be offended, then it is better to simply retreat. Until the end of their days will be devoted to the family.
Mau love to walk in the fresh air, quickly get used to the harness. Ambush in the bushes - a favorite activity in nature. Egyptian Mau love to hunt birds, and the prey will bring to the family to treat everyone.
Egyptian Mau are not particularly talkative, and usually actively meow for food or attention.
Maintenance and care
Be sure to get a clawboard, otherwise the sofa and chairs will have hard times, and the owners should make sure that the cat always had a couple of toys, "able to escape."
Egyptian Mau like to swim, swim beautifully, so periodically dial a bath and let your pet frolic.
It is better not to start a cat in the same apartment with a cat, a rodent or a bird, since the cat will not rest until it is eaten.
Like all hunters, they have no sense of satiety. Food must be balanced, and meals at the same time no more than 2 times a day. Try to give more meat.
Interspecific crosses have always been banned, this has led to the development of genetic diseases - asthma, heart problems. Cardiomyopathy has become the most frequent heart problem.
Food should be chosen carefully and it is better to use hypoallergenic, since Mau is prone to allergic reactions. If the cat constantly itches or becomes bald, then it is not a skin parasite, but in the wrong diet.
The respiratory system is very sensitive - tobacco smoke or an abundance of dust can trigger allergies.
Cats in Ancient Egypt
The first written records of Egyptian Mau cats belong to the fifth century BC, and the author of these mentions is the ancient Greek historian Herodotus (he generally told a lot about the world). Herodot reports that even three thousand years before Christ, every Egyptian kept a cat in his house. True, what they were, Herodotus does not tell.
The very fact of the large number of domestic cats in ancient Egypt is not surprising. After all, it is known that cats were valued and respected there. Egyptians treated these sacred animals with divine veneration. In the temples there were numerous statues of the goddess Bast and the cat Bastet. And the supreme god Ra was often depicted as the Great Cat. The images of the red cat (the sun god), which cut off the serpent’s head, have survived to the present day. And the original face of the Sun in Egyptian mythology is a cheetah (also a cat).
Even the death of ordinary domestic cats was accompanied by a sacred ritual. When the cat was dying, she was mummified. Mummies of cats were enclosed in gold and silver sarcophagi inlaid with precious stones. During the archaeological excavations in the city of Beni Hassan, a whole cathedral cemetery was discovered with the burials of one hundred and eighty thousand (!) Cat mummies. It is also known that the owners, as a sign of mourning for the dead cat, shaved their eyebrows and wore many days of mourning.
The exotic cat Egyptian Mau leads its long pedigree from the cats of the great pharaohs. It is a very ancient breed, formed as a result of natural selection. The appearance of cats Maw practically did not undergo significant changes in more than three thousand years. For a very, very long time, this ancient breed was preserved only in its homeland. And the modern history of the cat breed of the Pharaohs began a hundred years ago.
European cat breeders decided to recreate the Egyptian Mau breed. But the first results of recreating the breed were “negated” during the Second World War. The second attempt, which ended in success, was undertaken in the fifties by the Russian princess Natalia Trubetskoy, who lived in Italy. The princess was the owner of two cats Mau (Gepa and Ludol), brought from Egypt. Trubetskaya registered them with the FIFe association, and after immigration to the USA she founded the Fatima nursery. As a result of the long and hard work of American felinologists, the Egyptian Mau was recognized by the CFA as an official breed in 1977.
These cats were brought to Europe in 1988, and for the first time they came to Russia only in the summer of 2010. They were acquired by Polina Gorelkina, the owner of EgyptSila kennel (Egyptian power).
Features of the appearance of the Pharaoh's cat
Egyptian Mau - a leopard in a miniature. She, by the way and is called: a leopard for the living room. But the dark spots are not the only marks on the coat. A distinctive feature of these cats - bracelets and necklaces. Necklaces - contrasting bands around the neck, and bracelets - half rings on the upper part of the front paws. In addition, the real cat of the Pharaoh is marked with a scarab. This is a dark pattern in the form of the letter W, located at the level of the ears, connected to the "letter" M above the eyes.
And the eyes ... The eyes of Egyptian cats are exceptionally green, large and almond-shaped. Like the true Egyptians of Ancient Egypt, Pharaoh's cats have a “goddess makeup”: two long arrows that highlight the eyes and pass along the cheekbones to the temples.
Another unusual feature of the Egyptian Mau breed of cats is the small folds of bags in front of the hind legs. It is believed that these folds hanging under the belly are needed for the swing of the hind legs during fast running and high jumping.
Egyptian Mau is a type of cat that resembles an Abyssinian. The CFA standard has the following breed requirements.
- Addition strong and muscular, with well developed bones
- Ears high and wide set, medium or large in size, sharp at the ends, sometimes with tassels.
- The eyes are almond-shaped, large, the colors of a green gooseberry are located slightly obliquely towards the ears.
- The coat is short or medium in length, shiny, thick and silky.
- Color of three types: silver, bronze, smoky.
- Markings: dark spots, scarab sign, oriental makeup.
Disqualifying signs of the Egyptian Mau breed: the absence of characteristic marks, yellow eye color.
Pharaoh's cat character
Egyptian Mau is special not only for its pedigree and catchy appearance. She is also characterized by distinctive (sometimes contradictory) character traits. For example, cats of this breed are both independent and loyal to their owners, balanced and passionate.
Mau cats are very energetic. They love to walk and even agree to wear a collar or harness for this purpose. They are mobile and flexible, playful and sociable, can not stand loneliness. They have a melodic and expressive voice, by which you can always recognize the emotions and mood of the animal.
Like all cats, Mau are not deprived of the desire to sleep sweetly after dinner or to soak up the owner's lap. At the same time, they are unobtrusive and always feel whether a person is located for such communication or not. With an excess of joyful emotions, cats jump on their front (!) Legs, wagging their tail so quickly that they simply cannot be seen.
Like all domestic cats, the Egyptian Mau cat needs attention and care from the owner. And above all, its wonderful wool needs care. These cats are useful even to simply stroke, not to mention the fact that they need to constantly comb the wool: both help remove the dead wool. For daily brushing you need a special comb with frequent teeth, and for occasional more intensive brushing - a rubber brush. In addition, it is also useful to polish the wool with a soft suede, nylon or silk scarf.
Hygiene procedures consist in removing excess ear secretion, trimming claws and bathing the animal as needed. You should also monitor the condition of the teeth, and the health of the cat as a whole.
- During heat cats can make such loud sounds that it is impossible to hear the interlocutor.
- According to the rules of breeding and the standards of the breed, Mau can not be crossed with cats of other breeds.
- Mau is the fastest of all cats: they can reach speeds of up to 60 km / h.
- Mau bear babies much longer than other cats: pregnancy lasts up to seventy-three days.
- Prone to overeating and may be obese.
Egyptian Mau - the breed of cats is still very small, and therefore still rare and expensive. Most of the representatives of this breed live with the United States, but there is also a maw nursery in Europe (Germany, Italy, Holland, France). In Russia, there is only one single Egyptian Mau nursery, which is located in the Moscow region and is called "Egyptian power." Therefore, to acquire this rare cat is quite difficult, but, according to true connoisseurs of the breed, such a cat is worth the money spent on it.
Advantages and disadvantages
Egyptian Mau do not like careless handling, do not allow themselves to squeeze and carry around the house. If you still need to take a cat, it is better to keep it under your stomach. If they are not taught from childhood to trimming claws and cleaning their ears, then later it will not allow this to be done.
Mau is not very fond of strangers, especially if guests in your house do not appear often. Either from birth, introduce the kitten to family friends and relatives, or try to rarely invite people unknown to the cat to the house.
Toys for Mau - holy. If these are only her toys, then they will not be allowed to take them.
History, description and appearance
The history of the Egyptian Mau breed goes back in time: it has been known since the days of Ancient Egypt, where these cats were worshiped as gods. However, the birthplace of modern Egyptian Mau is the United States. The fact is that the breed practically degenerated and its representatives began to meet extremely rarely. Egyptian Mau was on the verge of extinction, but the case decided their fate.
Russian aristocrat Natalya Trubetskaya - a lover of this breed in 1956 moved to America from Italy, taking with her several cats of the Egyptian Mau breed. From that moment on, this breed received a second birth. Thus, it was possible to save and restore the breed with the help of American experts. And now these graceful and beautiful animals are again available to people. The first brood of the updated breed was obtained in 1965. It took some more time to bring standards and solve some health problems, but the main thing was done: the population was saved.
These are not the largest representatives of domestic cats, an adult cat weighs 4.5-6 kilograms, and a cat 3.5-5. Their heads are wedge-shaped. The body is muscular and very elegant. The eyes are large, necessarily bright green, at an early age they can be any, but after 18 months they acquire their final color. Cats finally mature by two years. Ears are medium or large, slightly pointed. The coat is short, growing in bunches, soft, silky and very pleasant to the touch. The tail is thin, medium in length, with a black ring on the end.
It is interesting! A characteristic feature of the Egyptian Mau is a pattern on the forehead, resembling the letter “M” in outline, and between the ears, closer to the back of the head “W”. This is called the "Sign of sorrow".
According to the standards, the color is allowed in three types: smoky, bronze and silver. Kittens of other colors are rejected and are not allowed to the shows. Spots on the body must be clear and do not merge into strips; draining (mackerel) is a breed disadvantage. Paws of the Egyptian Mau are medium, well developed, hind legs slightly longer than the front ones. This betrays the cat elegance and special charm.
These are very active, curious, playful and intelligent cats. They are very attached to family members and home, but to the guests are treated with suspicion, preferring to hide. If the stranger still takes them in his arms, he will be immediately scratched.
They are by nature wonderful hunters, it's in their blood. Mau needs to have a lot of toys so that they can satisfy their hunter's passion. Among the peculiarities of the character, it is worth noting the jealous attitude to their toys, when trying to select them, the cat can growl or scratch - that’s what they are like. With age, the Egyptian Mau become calmer. The Egyptian Mau are generally quite silent, and if they suddenly spoke out, it means that there is an urgent need. Most likely your pet was bored and he wants to play with you or just got hungry.
Important! If there is no special reason for meowing, it means that the cat may have something to hurt and this is a reason to go for a visit to a specialist.
Egyptian Mau can easily get along with other cats and even dogs, but you should not keep birds or rodents in the house. Here we must remember that the hunter's instinct is inherent in them by nature and they will certainly show it, seizing the right moment. Separating from the owner, these noble creatures endure normally, although it depends on the individual character of your pet.
But in general, it is not noticed that they are difficult to tolerate separation, especially for a short time. Mau is very good with children, especially loves to play active games together. Despite their aristocratic origins, Mau love simple fun. They prefer to stay in elevated places in the house and watch from there what is happening around. In general, this is an adequate and kind breed of cats, which will become not only a decoration of your house, but also a true friend.
Care and maintenance
Egyptian Mau is a rather capricious breed of cats in the care. It requires careful handling and the most attentive attitude to yourself from an early age. You can comb them once every two weeks, during molting - once a week. Some individuals love to swim, water procedures can be carried out two or three times a year, more often you can, but not necessarily. Ears and eyes are cleaned as needed. But all this is the usual standard procedures for care, the main problem that may lie in wait for the owners of the Egyptian beauties - not very good health and low immunity. Поэтому, при покупке котёнка стоит самым тщательным образом изучить родословную и ветпаспорт родителей.
Египетские мау довольно уязвимы для некоторых болезней. Есть ряд характерных заболеваний для данной породы: это астма и кардиомиопатия. To date, geneticists almost managed to get rid of these shortcomings, but still it is worth paying attention to. It is also worth remembering that the respiratory system of Egyptian Mau is sensitive to dust, tobacco smoke and other air pollutants. This breed has another scourge - an allergy. This can cause a lot of trouble. Therefore, it is worth paying special attention to nutrition.
It is interesting! As already mentioned, they are wonderful hunters and once on the street they will not be lost. They will be able to get their own food and protect themselves from danger, and thanks to their high intelligence and excellent memory they will find their way home without any problems.
Their physical development and hunting skills are fine.. But due to poor health it is highly undesirable to let them go outside. For all its qualities, the Egyptian Mau is exclusively domestic cats. With proper care, timely vaccination and good nutrition, they can live for about 12-14 years. This is a normal indicator of longevity of cats.
Egyptian Mau is a very active breed of cats, respectively, and food must be high-calorie to compensate for energy costs. Some members of the breed can be fed natural food: beef, rabbit, chicken. But since these cats are often allergic, experts recommend using premium feed, better made specifically for Egyptians, or pick up similar in composition. This will allow your pets to get the necessary amount of energy for an active life, the entire set of vitamins, minerals and they will not have allergies for such food. Food can be both wet and dry, and do not forget that your pet should always be clean water.
Also pay attention to the fact that the Egyptian Mau are prone to overeating, because they can not control the amount of food eaten. This must be closely monitored. It is better to feed cats of this breed more often, but in smaller portions.. In this case, problems can be avoided. If your cat is obese, it can cause many diseases.
Where to buy price
This is a very rare and therefore expensive breed in Russia.. The price of individual copies of the show class can reach 100,000 rubles. In our country there is one official nursery and it is extremely risky to buy kittens from random sellers. It should be borne in mind that if the kitten of the Egyptian Mau is black, the animal will not be allowed to participate in prestigious exhibitions, since such kittens are rejected. Kittens lower class can do from 50,000 to 75,000 rubles. But nevertheless, the breed is very popular and there is a queue behind the kittens, so if you want to become the happy owner of the Egyptian Mau, then this should be taken care of in advance.
You should also pay attention to the fact that kittens at the age of 2-5 months may be phasinged, because of which they have a not very attractive appearance. Do not be afraid of this, soon your cat will turn into a real "Egyptian". This is just an age-related phenomenon, which has ancient roots, which they inherited from wild ancestors. The fact is that to disguise the environment, the young have a specific color, over time it will pass and you should not be afraid.
If this miracle appears in your home, take care of it and the Egyptian Mau will answer you with gratitude. This is a very loyal and intelligent cats. They will be your faithful friend and will always come to warm you in the long winter evening.
The history of the breed
Presumably, the Egyptian Mau breed is descended from a wild African cat (Felis Silvestris Libyca) and was tamed many thousands of years ago in ancient Egypt. Most likely, the ancestors of the Mau were those most sacred Nubian cats with graceful bodies, images of which are found in Egyptian tombs. In the days of the pharaohs, cats were considered the personification of the goddess of love and fertility Bastet - women with a cat's head.
Thanks to the goddess Bastet, cats in ancient Egypt were sacred animals.
In 1860, in the ancient rocky town of Beni Hassan, located on the east bank of the Nile, a cat-like graveyard was discovered: thousands of mummified cats in gold and silver sarcophagi decorated with precious stones. Animals are very well preserved, and scientists have the opportunity to study them. By the way, they differed from modern cats of Mau only by mainly brown color. Based on the research, it was concluded that cats in Egypt were subjected to artificial selection: their skeleton, teeth and wool pigmentation differed from wild ancestors.
At first, wild cats simply caught mice, rats and snakes, thereby saving wheat stocks in barns and protecting people from disease and death, for which they deserved respect and reverence from the Egyptians. Initially, Egyptian drawings depict wild cats. And only about III millennium BC, the domestication of these animals and the gradual spread of their cult in Egypt, which reached its peak in 1800 BC, took place.
The name "Mau" in translation from the Egyptian language means "cat" and "see." The cat was considered as seeing a lot, inaccessible to people, and her eyes likened the moon, because they had the ability to reflect light, as well as the satellite of our planet.
In ancient Egypt, cats were idolized, temples were built in their honor and mummified after death, along with their favorite toys and mice.
Unfortunately, during the Second World War, the breed of Egyptian cats was almost destroyed. Work on its restoration began only in the middle of the XX century. The Russian princess Natalya Trubetskaya, who lives in Italy, took an active part in this. Thanks to the friendship with the Syrian ambassador, she received from Egypt several cats that became the ancestors of the restored breed. In 1953, the princess presented her charges at the exhibition, where they were officially recognized, and three years later she moved to the USA and founded the Egyptian Fatima cattery. Over time, it ceased to exist, but American and European felinologists continued to restore the breed. From 1977 to 1992, she was recognized by the largest felinological organizations. The standard was adopted in 1977. Breed still remains rare and not numerous. Most of these cats live in the United States, less in Europe, and in Russia, unfortunately, they are very few.
Features of the Egyptian Mau
Egyptian Mau is a medium-sized shorthair cat with a pronounced spotty color. Mau cats are extremely mobile, they are distinguished by dexterity and speed. When assessing a breed, the balance of physical development and temperament of an animal is very important - it must be both an active and emotional cat.
Mau is considered the fastest cat in the world: she is able to run at a speed of about 50 km per hour.
Adult cats have a weight of 4.5–6 kg, cats 3-4.5 kg.
The body of the Mau is of medium size, strong but elegant, with a short and wide neck, muscular limbs of medium length. The hind legs are slightly longer than the front, but bent in such a way that the back looks even. Paws are small, oval-shaped, with outstretched fingers. The toes on the hind legs are longer than on the toes. The tail is of medium length and thickness, tapers towards the end.
Mau differs in proportion to the developed physique
The shape of the head is rounded wedge-shaped, with a small chin, high cheekbones and an even nose. The ears are medium in size, erect or slightly deflected forward, the base of the ear is bowl-shaped and covers the head from the back. On the ends of the ears can be tassels.
The eyes are large, round or almond-shaped, widely spaced, with a hint of gooseberry. Between the ages of 7 and 18 months they can change color, but after 18 months they should be only green. The expression of the eyes is always surprised. Breeders jokingly describe this look as follows: “Oh, Mom, have I really missed dinner ?!”. And judges evaluate the expression of the gaze as one of the signs of the breed.
The green color of the eyes (the color of the young gooseberry) is one of the signs of the breed, and also at the Mau they are beautifully outlined by the dark line (also like the nose and the mouth), which is called “goddess makeup”
On the stomach, the Mau has a characteristic skin fold that connects its center with the knee joint of the hind paw, like a cheetah. It allows you to make wider moves and move faster. This feature allows the Egyptian Mau to set speed records.
The coat is thin, silky and not too short. There are two ticked zones on each hair. The coat is necessarily spotted, with pronounced contrast between the background and the color of the spots. Moreover, there are spots on the skin. Figures in the form of the letter M on the forehead and the letter W on the back of the head are added to the “scarab” sign, from which strips run down the neck, turning into spots on the body. The stripes are also on the paws and tail, the tip of which is always black. The spots may be of different sizes and arranged in a random order, this is not decisive. The abdomen is also spotty, but there is no pattern between the front and hind legs.
The well-marked letter M on the forehead of the Mau connects with the letter W on the back of the head and forms a sign of the scarab, which means the mercy of the gods
Mau has officially recognized and exhibited three colors:
- silver (the most common and popular in this breed): the main color from light gray to gray with dark spots, gray ears with black tips, black line frames the eyes, nose and mouth, elastic, soft, adjacent hair,
- bronze: the main color is from ivory on the belly to brown on the back, with dark brown spots, brown ears with dark tips, wool is elastic, soft, adjacent,
Bronze-colored Mau cats are less popular and therefore less common than silver cats, especially in Russia.
The silver Mau has a brick-red nose and a smoky nose is black.
At the age of 2–5 months, kittens often get phasing (fuzzy “fuzzy”, “unclear”). Phasing temporarily turns them into inconspicuous and awkward "ugly ducks". During this period, the kitten becomes covered with hairs longer than its main cover, it becomes similar to a hedgehog: hairs with alternating stripes hide the brightness of the color. This is a normal, natural phenomenon. The judges usually do not pay attention to him, but all other things being equal, the kitten without a phasing will be the first.
Egyptian Mau are very active, bold and gullible. They are great hunters, they love to play, jump and run, climb the height. Mau is sociable and curious, very loyal to members of his family, but usually they choose one or two and are attached to them much more strongly than to others. They need to communicate with the owner, accompany him around the house, meet him on the threshold, climb on his knees, engage in joint games, and left alone, long for and can get sick.
Mau is always ready to play or hunt and deftly uses his paws for this.
They are cautious with strangers, behave shyly, but, being on their own territory, they do not feel fear and are even able to show confidence by allowing themselves to caress.
If the Mau have access to the street, they will necessarily hunt birds, mice and insects, and in the absence of prey at home, they will actively play with balls, mice, strings and teasers.
Mau cats love to wear prey in their teeth
Developed intelligence, good memory and easy learning help them to cope with such tasks as opening doors, pulling out boxes, as well as playing with puzzles. But the harsh sounds and noise of these cats do not like: get scared and run away.
The Egyptian Mau is sometimes called an “interactive” cat, as it always shows its attitude to the events taking place in the house.
Mau communicate well and play with children, but only on condition that they do not offend them. Therefore, the breed is more suitable for families with older children who know how to handle animals well. Other pets are peaceful. But hamsters, parrots and fish can become victims of advanced hunting instincts cats.
With representatives of their breed, Egyptian Mau live in close-knit family and play a lot with each other.
Cats of this breed are more likely to be silent, they rarely meow, more often they purr something to themselves, they are distinguished by a quiet and melodious voice. In dealing with people, they actively use movements: they tramp their paws, wag their tails. However, there are exceptions to the rule: there are pets who are so musical that they can sing along to their masters.
During estrus, unsterilized Mau organize real concerts, therefore, when keeping a cat intended for breeding, the owners will have to be patient.
Mau love to walk on the street and quickly get used to harness and leash. Cats can be taken out on a picnic and to the country. The breed is suitable for families who travel a lot, they can take their pet with them.
When released into the natural environment, the Egyptian Maus begin to hunt for anything that moves.
Cats love water, though not so much to swim or swim, but they enjoy drinking from a tap or playing with it with pleasure. They can try to paw water, recruited into the master's bath. They have an instinct that helps determine the suitability of a liquid for drinking: a cat can dip its leg in it and taste the water.
Choosing a kitten
Buying a kitten of the Egyptian Mau in Russia is not easy. There are few nurseries, even fewer private breeders. This situation is explained not by the problems of reproduction in the Mau - they are carrying well and give birth to kittens, but by the small number of this breed in general. Most Mau cats live in America, and getting them there for breeding in Russia is quite difficult. When buying, it is better to choose a nursery that has existed for several years and is known in cat lovers. You may have to book a kitten from a future litter in advance.
Due to the shortage of kittens of this breed, you have to book a baby from breeders in advance, immediately after or before birth.
Kittens must have proven pedigree and all documents for several generations. Kitten Egyptian Mau can not be cheap. Prices for babies destined for the role of a pet start at 35 thousand rubles, and kittens for breeding cost between 50 and 100 thousand. However, it all depends on the particular animal and its color. The most expensive kittens - silver.
Silver kittens will be the most expensive because this color is the most popular among buyers.
Content of Egyptian Mau
Egyptian Mau cats are unpretentious in content, and there are no special problems with them. But they have a tendency to overeating and gaining extra weight, so special attention should be paid to the diet and feeding regimen of the pet. After eating, Mau like to lie down, so with frequent feeding they will move less, sleep more. If there is no space for games in the house where the Mau live, the cats may be bored, which will adversely affect their health.
After eating, Mau like to sleep, it is mandatory for them ritual.
The power control of the Mau should be serious. It is very important that the food was of high quality and healthy. In no case can not feed the cat from the master's table or food waste. All products must be fresh and not contain additives such as salt, sugar, vinegar, spices, flavors, flavor enhancers. When feeding with natural products, you need to make a menu for your pet so that he gets the full set of necessary nutrients. In such a diet, be sure to add vitamin and mineral complexes, which will advise the veterinarian.
When eating natural products, cats will definitely need special vitamin complexes, they should be given courses 2-3 times a year.
It is much easier to feed the Egyptian Mau with professional nutrition, which contains everything necessary for its health. Food should be of high quality, preferably specially designed for shorthair cats. If the pet has health problems, then it is necessary to choose medical feed, which is a prophylactic means of exacerbating the disease.
The cat must always have access to clean and fresh water, preferably purchased drinking or at least purified by a home filter. If Mau plays a lot while drinking and sprays everything with her paws, then you can put a basin of water in the bathroom for her.
Many cats love to lap up water from the tap, it is permissible, provided that the water in your house is safe or a filter is installed in the tap.
The amount and composition of food
When feeding with natural products, the diet of the animal should include:
It is better to make the pet menu according to the recommendations of the breeders or the vet. If the cat is naughty and refuses to eat foods that are a necessary component of a proper diet, then it is better to transfer it to ready-made food. Portions are determined by the pet itself, but here a reasonable approach of the owner is important.
As for super premium class feeds, they contain:
- Squirrels. This is meat and meat ingredients, their percentage is indicated. Corn gluten is not used (as in the premium class), sometimes potato or pea protein is present in small amounts.
- Carbohydrates. As a rule, it is rice and oats, sometimes barley, potatoes. These ingredients are better digested and less allergenic than wheat and corn used in premium feed.
- Natural preservatives and antioxidants. Обычно это смесь токоферолов (витаминов E) и розмарин. Если используемые консерванты/антиоксиданты не уточняются, то корм уже сложно назвать супер-премиумом.
Цены на корма супер-премиум могут быть очень высокими, что не всегда означает высокое качество, поэтому лучше самостоятельно изучить состав продукта
Рейтинг супер-премиум кормов для кошек:
- Fitmin For Life (produced in the Czech Republic),
- Brit Care (produced in the Czech Republic),
- Summit (produced in Canada),
- Blitz (produced in Russia),
- Leonardo (produced in Germany).
How many times a day to feed a pet
It is enough to feed adult animals 2 times a day, kittens and pregnant cats more often - 3-4 times. It is advisable to give food to Mau strictly on the clock and not to teach to beg during the meal of the owners. Feeding at the same time disciplines pets and stimulates the secretion of gastric juice, and hence, excellent digestion of food during these hours.
The role of a balanced diet
Overeating in mau quickly leads to metabolic disorders and diseases of the cardiovascular system. To prevent these troubles, Mau must be active, move a lot and eat food on schedule.
A reasonable, balanced diet is a key condition for a safe and long life of the representatives of this breed. Obesity, chronic diseases and shortened life expectancy will lead to excessive or unbalanced nutrition.
Combing and bathing
Even the short hair of the Egyptian Mau requires care to maintain brilliance and beauty. It is advisable to comb a cat at least twice a month, ideally - once a week. Best of all, combing with a rubber or silicone brush or comb with frequent teeth. In addition to removing the fallen hairs, combing serves as a massage procedure and stimulates the blood circulation of the pet. Most often, the cat treats the care positively, it may even purr and substitute the back. Removing excess hair will help and frequent stroking the animal with a wet hand.
Some Mau owners rub her hair with suede or silk to add extra shine.
Pure Mau wool shimmers with a special soft shine characteristic of this breed.
It is recommended to bathe cats of this breed approximately once a month, as the wool is contaminated. Most likely, this will not cause problems, because Mau love water. But you need to act carefully, so as not to scare the cat, otherwise the next time she flatly refuses the procedure. For washing, you can use shampoo for short-haired cats. Make sure that he does not get into the eyes and ears of a pet. After the procedure, the cat should dry in a warm room so as not to catch a cold.
Recommendations for the care of appearance
It is necessary to monitor the condition of the ears, eyes and teeth of the Egyptian Mau, as well as regularly cut her claws:
- For trimming claws use special scissors or pliers. This should be done once every two weeks, cutting the very tip, so as not to damage the vessel passing inside. If the cat has been trained to shear the claws since childhood, then there will be no problems. In the house, there must be claw hands, otherwise the mau will use furniture and interior items instead.
- Once a week it is necessary to examine the ears and mouth of the pet. If feeding is organized properly, then problems with teeth usually do not arise. But as a preventive measure for the formation of tartar, it is recommended to clean the cat's teeth with a special brush and paste (if the animal is accustomed to the procedure from an early age).
- Ears should be regularly checked for cleanliness and when contaminated, cleaned with a special agent or a cloth moistened with warm water. If a mite or inflammation of the auricle is suspected, it is necessary to show the animal to the vet.
Mau eyes are distinguished by a moderate release of liquid, so contamination rarely appears here. Sometimes it is enough to inspect them and clean them if necessary.
A cat of this breed needs space for running and playing, so it is not recommended to keep an animal in a small apartment. Multi-level houses and special complexes for cats will help your pet to maintain physical activity and not be bored. It is advisable sometimes to walk the Mau in the fresh air, not forgetting that their wool is short and not very thick, so you should wear them in special clothing during the cold season.
Mau cats love to walk, but rarely one of the owners decides to release such an expensive pet for an independent walk.
As for the habituation to the tray, the Mau is very clean and tidy, and they have no problems with this. Moreover, the cats themselves teach their kittens. When choosing a tray, you should give preference to products with high sides, this will ensure the purity of the surrounding space. The choice of filler is a matter of individual preferences.
In general, Mau have good health and strong immunity, but overeating and a sedentary lifestyle quickly lead to weight gain and the development of diseases. These animals must be active, nature has created them, and people have tried to restore all the original qualities of the ancient Egyptian cats. And they succeeded, so the natural way of life for Mau is hunting, playing, and physical activity. The life expectancy of Egyptian cats is about 15 years.
High activity and proper nutrition - the key to a long and healthy life of the Egyptian Mau
Propensity to disease
Unfortunately, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (a pathology of the heart, accompanied by a thickening of its muscle layer, which is often found in pedigree cats) is also characteristic of Egyptian mau. Its first signs are:
- pet's heavy breathing, especially after physical exertion,
- decrease in cat's activity and appetite,
- stretching the neck.
In this case, you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible.
More Egyptian Mau prone to asthma and allergies. Therefore, you need to be very careful in choosing food and hygiene products for these cats, as well as use safe detergents when cleaning.
Evidence of obstruction of show career
There are a number of signs that are considered defects in the Egyptian Mau breed. They may be recognized by the judges as grounds for disqualifying an animal or interfering with obtaining a title. First of all, the cat must have an exhibition temperament - no aggression. A manifestation of fear and desire to escape is allowed, but calm behavior will be considered as an additional advantage.
Cats should not show aggression or fear at the show, otherwise they will not be able to get the title
Critical moments due to which the animal will not be able to get the title:
- lack of ticked color in silver or bronze mau,
- the presence of ticking in smoky mau,
- reddish tint of bronze color
- the absence of stains on the cat's body,
- spots in the form of rosettes (with a center of a different color),
- eye color that does not meet the breed standard and age
- white locket on cat's chest,
- glitter (golden shine of wool, characteristic of Bengals),
- densely stuffed (with undercoat, very soft and thick) or long hair,
- other features of the body, head or color of the animal that do not meet the breed standard.
A kitten with imperfections will be much cheaper than an ideal representative of the breed, and as a pet will be no worse.
Character of Egyptian Mau
Egyptian Mau cats are extremely active and mobile. It is a source of infinite energy, it seems that they never get tired. Given this, it is necessary to bring up a fluffy goddess from infancy, since when the cat is overexcited, the cat unconsciously can show aggression.
Egypt is very curious, affectionate and attached to man. This beauty is very trusting and fearless, seeks to protect her masters under any conditions, but she will treat strangers with mild caution until a mutual trust is established between her and a stranger.
She loves the owner so much that she cannot do without his attention. If it seems to her that she does not receive this attention enough, then she must be ready for a piercing meow on her part, for all sorts of pranks and mischief. This is another reason why raising a cat should be relentlessly engaged. They are easy to learn. They are well aware of the demands put forward by the host and will not cross the boundaries of what is permitted if the Egyptian clearly defined these boundaries.
To provide the cat with an opportunity to release energy, you need to play a lot with her. She will be happy to run after a clockwork mouse or a ball, even a sunbeam or a piece of paper will cause Mau to open a hunt. Egyptian women will very jealously guard their toys, attempts to select them can be met with an almost dog growl.
It should be noted that the Egyptian cat is a very intelligent animal. It is easy to train him to perform even complex tricks, and all sorts of food fixtures, from which food is poured out, as a reward for pressing some buttons and levers, will give this graceful intellectual an incredible pleasure.
Egyptian women love to walk in the fresh air, if to teach a beauty from childhood to a leash, she will be happy to accompany the owner on walks.
Another weakness of the Egyptian cat breed is water. She loves to play with a trickle of tap water, the full bath just mesmerizes her. If the owner splashes in the water, then you can be sure that the pet will be somewhere nearby and will definitely try to help the gentleman to finish his water procedures.
The cat's melodic voice will be heard constantly. She not only communicates with the hosts, she purrs something constantly, as if singing a popular melody. The similarity with singing is sometimes simply striking, since the mau is quite capable of making short sounds that are similar to the voice of a person.
The amazing feature of Egyptians is to shake its tail if it feels joy, for example, when it meets an absent host. Rejoicing, she can still get up on her hind legs or even jump from this position.
Health, maintenance and care
It can be said that mau cats have quite good health, but there is a predisposition to heart disease, allergies and asthma. However, painstaking breeding work improved the health of the Egyptian goddesses. When you buy a cat of this amazing breed in the cattery, you can be sure that you can avoid many of your pet's health problems. It is better to take care of drafts for drafts so that you do not have to treat a cat for colds.
The Egyptian Mau has a rather enviable appetite, so nutrition must be monitored especially carefully, as gluttony will certainly lead to obesity, and behind it to heart problems, metabolic disorders and skin allergies.
Composing the diet kitty, you can stay on a dry or natural nutrition. Natural nutrition will require from the owner, in addition to additional vitamins, also constant control over the caloric content of cat food. In her diet should be present lean meat or poultry, cereals, dairy products, vegetables, very rarely - fish without bones. Dry quality food or ready-wet is much easier life for the owner of the Egyptian woman. After eating, the royal beauties like to take a nap and for them an afternoon nap is almost unshakable.
Egyptian Mau cannot be kept in cramped apartments. Because it will greatly limit its mobility.
There are no peculiarities in the care, the Egyptian Mau shows standard cat vaccinations, preventive visits to the doctor, care for claws, ears and teeth. Special brushing is not required, but combing to improve blood circulation and the manifestation of attention to the beauty will very much like the divine Egyptian.
Partner selection criteria
The partner must be selected in advance, to check his pedigree and to ascertain his health. For this, both animals should be examined by a veterinarian. Partners should be given all vaccinations and deworming carried out two weeks before mating. It is desirable that one of them already had a similar experience (better if it is a cat), otherwise the animals may become confused and they will not succeed.
If the cat is older and more experienced than the cat, the chances of success are greater.
Before the animals participate in the mating, they must pass at least one exhibition and get a breeding estimate. If the animal has a champion title, then participation in the exhibition is not mandatory.
At what age to give a pet to the first mating
A cat can be knitted for the first time at the age of 1 year, but up to 1.5 years. Ideal - after the second or third heat, when her body is fully formed. Cats can be knit after the age of one.
A few simple rules will help to successfully bind:
- The cat must be brought into the cat’s territory for 2-3 days of estrus and left there for some time. Usually the process takes from 3 to 5 days.
- Together with the cat it is necessary to bring its filler, stove bench, favorite toys, thereby ensuring her psychological comfort.
- It is good if there is an opportunity to allocate a separate room for pets and not to interfere in the process.
- Both animals need to cut the claws so that they do not harm each other.
It must be borne in mind that cats of the Mau breed are quite independent and stubborn. If the cat does not like the cat, she may refuse to have a relationship with him, and here the owners are unlikely to change anything. We'll have to look for another partner.
If the cat Mau does not like the cat, then she will not let him close and will have to look for another partner
Features of pregnancy and childbirth
Pregnancy may last a little longer than usual - up to 70 days. Cats have a well-developed maternal instinct, they take good care of kittens and teach them to be clean and tidy. Interestingly, cats of this breed often help the cat to raise kittens, and sometimes even help her during childbirth. The offspring is usually healthy, kittens rarely get sick. The number of cubs in the litter is from 5 to 6 individuals.
The males of this breed of cats are involved in raising kittens.
Castration and sterilization
It is believed that castration and sterilization lead to animal diseases and shorten its life. But everything happens exactly the opposite: sterile animals live longer and suffer less. They have no regular hormonal outbursts, a more stable mind, more developed intellect and better contact with people. Cancer susceptibility is significantly reduced. The quality of life of the animal is improved: it is no longer tormented by instincts, which are often impossible to satisfy.
The owners of the Egyptian Mau need to keep in mind that the sexual temperament of these cats is violent. Both females and males behave very actively during the period of sexual hunting and can deliver many unpleasant moments to the host. And suppress all the symptoms of hormonal drugs is very harmful to the health of the pet. Over the years, such actions often lead to cat diseases.
Kotov, of course, is easier to castrate than to sterilize cats. I have a Bengal cat breed, and I want to share with readers the experience of its castration. When the cat began to show signs of sexual activity, and it was about 9 months old, we called the doctor. We discussed in advance what kind of anesthesia we would give the cat, I chose the most modern one - when using it, the animal wakes up in an hour. The doctor arrived on the appointed date with a suitcase, in which there was everything necessary for the operation, first examined the cat, measured the temperature and concluded that it was possible to do the operation. Kotu was given an injection, from which he gradually began to fall asleep. We prepared a place on the table, the doctor put some disposable diapers there, and we left the room. Everything ended quickly, literally in 10 minutes we were called. After 15 minutes, the cat started to wake up, walk slowly and carefully, the doctor watched him for a while, then gave us instructions and left. No special rules were observed on this day, the cat immediately asked for food and was fed.
But the fun began later. The cat began to lick, and very carefully, operated places. We chased him around the house and tried to interfere. Did not help. No matter how we felt sorry for him, we had to wear an Elizabethan collar, bought in advance at the pet store (plastic and transparent). Now the cat is fully focused on how to get rid of this muck. Twice his attempts were crowned with success. In the end, we tightened the collar so that he could not take it off. But the cat did not reconcile, he was engaged only in the fact that he was trying to free himself, and twice I caught him slightly choking, because with incredible efforts he shifted the device further to the neck, crushing his throat. I could not stand it and finally took off his collar. But, by the way, tired of fighting him, he licked much less actively and slept a lot. For several more days, he sometimes licked the wound, but everything healed well. I concluded that for some stubborn cats, the Elizabethan collar is not suitable in principle. However, perhaps this is a feature of the Bengali breed, whose representatives do not tolerate violence against their person.
Pet care after surgery
After separation from anesthesia, you need to observe the behavior of the animal. On this day, do not feed, so as not to cause vomiting. You can give to drink, but little by little. If the pet is trying to lick the wound, then it is necessary to wear a special collar - an Elizabethan collar. After surgery, the animal may be cold, in which case it must be wrapped up and warmed. Швы несколько дней обрабатывают зелёнкой. При появлении тревожных симптомов необходимо отвезти животное к врачу.