It does not bark, does not bite, does not shed, but is also distinguished by its calm and friendly character. All these are the characteristics of a unique breed, which has no analogues in the world. Meet - the breed of dogs that do not bark, or basenji. Do not confuse with basset hound: his voice is like a trumpet, and he will bark very often, just for fun. This destroys stereotypes, because we are accustomed to the cat meowing, and the dog barks. But the fact remains. There is a breed of dogs that does not bark, and it is still preserved in its natural habitat - impassable jungle.
Very comfortable pet
Indeed, apartment residents often make excessive demands on their pets. To sit quietly and do not interfere with the neighbors, no shedding and wool, and most importantly - no smell. Such a plush toy, but alive. And the most interesting is that the breed of dogs that does not bark meets all these requirements. They have no natural smell, even wet they do not smell dog meat. However, they build relationships with a person rather on equal terms, like a regal cat, rather than a diligent handmaker, as other dogs often behave. They can not be deceived, they are very clever and cunning, they do not tolerate tyranny at all.
Today the breed of dogs that does not bark has received a second birth. About her remembered, there were clubs involved in the breeding of these wonderful animals. Many breeders position it as a new breed, but this is fundamentally wrong. She was not bred by man, the hand of the breeder did not touch her. The breed was formed distinctively in the jungle of central Africa, many years ago. The first heyday of popularity can be attributed to the era of the pharaohs. Many images have been found on the pyramid bas-reliefs, where the Basenji dog is represented in all its glory.
In those days, African dogs were considered a sign of aristocracy, they were taken from the Nile Valley as precious gifts. However, many died in Europe without acclimatization. But the simple tribes, who lived in a semi-ardent state in the jungle, became friends with these dogs. They helped people hunt, and in order to make it easier to navigate in the forest, the natives hung homemade bells on the necks of the dogs.
As soon as the breed is not called dogs that can not bark. The most common names are the Basenji and the African dog. However, besides this, there are the names of Congo Terrier, jungle dog, forest dog from Congo, Zande, yum-yum terrier. All these are different names for the same animal.
I must say that basenji enjoy communicating with a person, for this they have a lot of different sounds. Anyone familiar with Shar-Pei knows that they also rarely bark, often using other means of expressing their emotions. Here, too, a Baseji dog may whine and grunt, giggle and scream. If she is worried, she makes not very pleasant sounds, as if a person is near, dying, beating in convulsions. Therefore, if you come home and find rescuers opening doors, then do not be surprised.
Appearance and habits
The breed of dogs that do not know how to bark gained great fame among dog breeders because of its bright appearance. In this case, everyone will pay attention to the completely atypical structure of her body: it is not even a dog, but a horse in miniature. The location and work of the joints, movement - all this is reminiscent of a graceful trot, and not running. Indeed, such a lightweight hunter is able to withstand enormous loads, and it is absolutely not tired. What the basenji dog loves most is running. Do not purchase such a dog if you cannot provide it with sufficient physical activity. Locked in an apartment and taken out for a walk for 10 minutes a day, she gets depressed.
It is a small, graceful and unusually graceful dog. It looks like a gazelle, very clever and mobile. Silky fur in the sun cast copper. The ears make it especially attractive - spiky, set high, slightly leaning forward, they create the impression of an elegant hood. When a dog is surprised or preoccupied with something, special folds are formed on the forehead, which cause affection from the owners. The tail, like a Shar-Pei, is set high and curled into a ring. The African not barking dog is very clean, but it does not tolerate water, so it is better not to force swimming. Separate representatives wash in a cup with water, like cats, dip a paw in water and rub a muzzle. They will never, after eating, poke a muzzle soiled in food into the clothes of their owners. Unlike many other dogs, Basenji thoroughly licked after the end of the meal.
The African not barking dog is nice and friendly, however, contact with it is quite fragile. Aggression against a person is completely absent, but when dealing with dogs, she will definitely try to dominate. In this case, Basenji perfectly coexist with other pets, as it is originally a schooling animals. Zande dog has a very subtle mentality: any careless word, rudeness or resentment inflicted on an animal can close its soul for you forever. They just need to love for what they are. They know how to withdraw into themselves, be offended, and you simply will not have a second chance. These dogs know for sure whether the owner pretends that he loves, or cannot really live without them.
Now you know exactly what breed of dogs do not bark. Caring for them is easy, and a beginner can handle it. It is enough once or twice a week to comb the hair, cut the claws and clean the ears. It is believed that the wool of this breed does not cause allergies, and therefore, you can not fear for the health of their loved ones. However, the activity of animals is very high, so for very busy people it is better to choose another breed. Their curiosity knows no boundaries, so you need to carefully monitor the pet so that he does not harm himself or property. The most convenient way to release it is to play in a fenced area, so if you live in a private house, the pet will be happy.
In general, they are very healthy and enduring dogs, despite their fragile appearance. However, their gastrointestinal tract is quite gentle, which means that the quality requirements for food are high. Inflammatory diseases are frequent, and helminth infections can cause enteropathy. Therefore, carefully select products for your pet, and once every three months bring him to the veterinarian for examination and preventive de-worming. In addition, this breed is prone to urolithiasis. Any change in the behavior of your pet should be a reason to consult a specialist. It will determine whether the situation is safe or requires immediate correction.
Key Features of Congo Terrier
Besides the fact that a dog that does not know how to bark is known as Congo Terrier or Basenji, it is also called a Congolese handicraft dog. The breed came from Africa and has been popular in Europe and Russia for many years.
The key characteristics of this breed, by which it can be accurately distinguished from others, are:
- boys have withers about 43 cm, body length up to 43 cm and an average weight of about 11 kg,
- the height at the withers of girls on average is about 40 cm, the body is about 40 cm long, the average weight of girls is about 9 kg,
- Congo Terrier puppies may have a tri-color (black, red and red), as well as brindle, red or black. Regardless of the overall color, the paws, the tip of the tail and the breast of the dog are white. There may also be white markings on the head, but this is not typical for all members of this breed. The white color does not stand out as the main color, while the other shades have a saturation and are distinguished by clear boundaries when changing,
- the dog has strong bones, which at the same time looks elegant to everyone,
- the ears of a representative of this breed are,
- tail slightly curled,
- eye color is always dark
- the dog does not know how to bark.
Many believe that Basenji dogs that do not know how to bark are the oldest breed in the world, but some canine experts claim that this breed, although it is one of the oldest on Earth, is not the oldest.
As already mentioned, according to some data, the Congo Terrier breed appeared in Africa, however there is evidence that originally she appeared in east asia and only then it was brought to Africa. Basenji dogs were common in ancient Egypt, as evidenced by archaeological finds and cave paintings. Officially, this breed was registered only in the middle of the 20th century, when it became widespread in Europe.
Features of the behavior of the dog of this breed
To deserve the trust of Basenji is not so simple. Dogs of this breed are distinguished by independence and pride, but at the same time they love their owners in their own way. To basenji was pleased, it is not enough just to feed, water and provide a place for games and sleep. They want to be full members of the family, so they should be given enough attention.
Dogs of the Congo Terrier breed have a very well developed hunter instinct. Therefore, during a walk you should carefully monitor that the dog does not chase potential prey, for example, a cat.
Congo-terrier does not know how to bark, but at the same time it can whine, slightly squeal, growl, but even such sounds it gives extremely rarely. As a security guard, the dogs of this breed are not suitable because they will not be able to signal a potential hazard.
Who is the best basendzhi?
This breed of dog is suitable only for those people who already possess significant experience in terms of raising pets. Basenji distinguished by strong stubbornnessso you shouldn't expect them to execute your team the first time.
But despite its restless nature, Congo Terrier will quickly find a common language with those who will perceive him as equal. Here are some tips for those who consider him as a pet:
- The Congo Terrier is a great friend for active people who perceive dogs as companions, and not one who only executes commands,
- you should not start a dog of such a breed for elderly and inactive people, because it likes long walks and maximum attention to itself,
- such a dog will be the best friend for the child and will be happy to play with him, if, of course, the child will not offend her,
- Congo-terrier does not tolerate bullying, remember this,
- Basenji gets on well with representatives of his own breed of the other sex, but cohabitation with dogs of other breeds depends on the circumstances. It is highly undesirable to start a basenji when there is a cat in the house. They are unlikely to find a common language.
Features care basenji
The ideal conditions for keeping dogs of this breed is a large courtyard near the country house. But, if you live in the city, then get ready for the fact that you have to walk a long time with your favorite.
If a dog of this breed lacks physical activity, then it begins to show dissatisfaction in this way:
- gnaws furniture
- tears wallpaper
- chews things and shoes.
Well, if you create all the conditions so that your pet does not have to be bored in the apartment and you walk and play with it enough, then all this will pass you by.
Congo-terrier is clean, in some cases dogs even wash themselveslike cats. The recommended diet is a balanced dry food or dry with a wet one in proportion to three to one.
Features of basenji training
At first glance, it may seem that Basenji are poorly capable of training, but this is not at all the case. They simply require more attention when training and a special approach to yourself. The main thing for you is to reverse the stubbornness of your pet and force him to learn.
For learning should choose a game form, do not use brute force. Training should begin from the moment when the puppy falls into your hands.
It will not be easy to prove something to your pet, as basenji are always confident in their opinion and the correctness of their actions, they can ignore your instructions. But after a long training, he will learn to obey you and will do it all the time.
If you have become a happy owner of a puppy of this breed, but at the same time you are unsure of being able to raise it correctly, invite professionals in your field who will help you to overcome the stubbornness of your friend Basenji.
What are Congo Terriers sick of?
The average life expectancy of dogs of this breed is from 10 to 14 years. All these years they are equally active. The most common diseases characteristic of Basenji are:
- Fanconi syndrome is a kidney disease that affects the ability to process proteins and sugars. Dogs between the ages of 4 and 7 are most commonly affected. Previously, the disease was not treated, but now veterinarians already have experience of its successful treatment. There is an opinion that the disease is inherited, although there is no scientific evidence for this,
- hemolytic anemia, mainly characteristic of puppies. Can not be treated
- coloboma, which is a cleft in the iris of the eye. Transmitted by inheritance,
- joint dysplasia - requires surgical intervention, is treatable. But individuals with such a disease do not participate in the divorce.
Average cost of basenji in Russia
In Russia there are kennels where they breed dogs of this breed. They can be found throughout the country, starting from Moscow and ending with the Far East. Depending on the exterior and title of the puppy's parents, its cost will be from 20 to 60 thousand rubles.
Before you go to the kennel in order to choose a puppy of this breed, pay attention to the following:
- the reputation of the selected cattery,
- check if there were sick young puppies in the early litters of the parents of the selected puppy,
- See that the puppy is active and well-fed,
- if possible, look at the puppy's parents,
- the selected puppy should not have suspicious discharge from the ears or nose.
If you choose a puppy Basendji breed, from the first day of acquaintance proceed to his education, constantly let him know that he is your best friend and give him maximum attention.
A bit of history
The breed of dogs that does not bark, is among the oldest on Earth. The first description of animals similar to modern Basenja, found in the ancient annals of Egypt. On the walls of temples, caves, tombs, researchers found images of the ancestors of these dogs. Of course, the exact age of the breed is difficult to establish, but scientists believe that it is from five and a half to six thousand years.
Surprisingly, during excavations of ancient tombs, as well as in the tomb of Tutankhamun, Basenji was discovered. The dog’s remains were wrapped in expensive fabrics, embalmed and perfumed. Collars favorites of the ruler of Egypt were decorated with precious stones. It was believed that these dogs brought happiness. In addition, the representatives of this breed attributed mystical properties.
The breed of dogs that does not bark, on the territory of Central Africa, developed independently, without human intervention. In Europe, in 1895, Basenji was introduced. A dog of this breed was officially presented at the Kraft exhibition in 1937. Then she was called the dog congo. Since that time, an unusual breed began to spread rapidly around the world.
Basenji: breed description
These are very cute, light, compact-bodied animals with perfectly balanced proportions. According to experts, which is fully shared by the owners of these dogs, Basenji by nature endowed with an aristocratic appearance. They belong to the short-haired breeds. Cute and cheerful dog has a compact body with a short and wide back. Another feature of this breed is the tail set high above the back and twisted into a single and sometimes double ring.
Set on high, small skin folds are clearly visible between the ears when the dog moves the ears. These wrinkles smoothly go to the cheeks. Puppies Basenji tiger or black colors, as a rule, have more pronounced folds. The neck is strong and rather long, but proportionate to the body. At the base, it expands and flows smoothly into the withers.
The head is beautifully shaped, as if carved out of stone. The cheekbones are flat, the nose is narrow, the nose of any color is black. The African barking dog has very intelligent and expressive almond-shaped eyes. Ears are erect, small, pointed upwards.
Wool and color
Outwardly very attractive Basenji. The description of the breed would not be complete if we do not tell about the beautiful shiny wool of these animals. It is short, tight to the body. The standard allowed the following colors:
- red and white
- black and white
- red and white
- brown and white.
On the tip of the tail, legs, chest are white spots.
Порода собак, которая не лает, подразделяется на два типа: равнинный и лесной. Более грациозные и мелкие собаки лесного типа. Они имеют более выразительные, темные глаза и яркий насыщенный окрас. Рост кобелей в среднем не превышает 43 см, суки немного мельче – до 40 см. Весят эти собачки до 11 кг (кобели) и до 8 кг (суки).
The breed of dogs that does not bark differs by a kind and peace-loving disposition. These animals are always balanced and attentive. The basenji, whose character allows such a pet to be started up even by a novice dog breeder, is dedicated to the owner, but always alert and very alert.
Representatives of this breed are distinguished by an amazing cleanliness. It is interesting to observe how this dog washes: it puts a pad of water in the cup in front of it and as if the cat was washing its muzzle. Basenji does not allow himself to be stroked to someone else. However, she will not growl and grin like most dogs. If such a pet does not like something, it will simply avoid contact and leave. But such behavior is not connected with fear, on the contrary, this dog is fearless and inquisitive, it just does not like conflicts.
Basenji long and attentively looks at a new person before trusting him completely. The advantage of such a pet is the complete absence of aggression towards a person. In the dog community, Basenji will seek leadership.
Care and maintenance
Caring for this dog is simple, but we must not forget that it must be regular. Basenji shed a little, so grooming involves regular grooming the pet (not more than twice a week) and bathing twice a year. If the dog gets dirty on a walk, its fur can be simply cleaned with a damp cloth. For swimming it is better to use special shampoos for short-haired breeds. But remember, these dogs are afraid of water in panic, so every swim can cause them stress.
For walks in frosty or wet weather, your pet will need warm clothes - after all, the wool of these dogs is very short, which is not able to protect from cold and piercing wind. The basenji are lovers of travel and carry the trip in the car perfectly. But remember that their natural instinct of pursuit can provoke an increased interest in cyclists, therefore it is better not to let the dog off the leash during a walk.
Regularly necessary to inspect the legs, ears of the dog. We must not forget about vaccination and treatments for ectoparasites.
By their nature, these dogs are quite capricious, with improper upbringing from puppyhood can be stubborn and disobedient. Therefore, from the first days of the appearance of a charming baby in your home, you need to develop a system of education.
You should be patient and teach your pet the right manners. If you are new to dog breeding, entrust the upbringing and training of bassendji to a professional. But the animal can also be taught to the basic commands by the novice owner, if he is affectionate and patient with his four-legged friend. Any physical abuse, shouts, rudeness is excluded.
How to choose a puppy?
Purebred representatives of this breed can not be purchased at the bird market. At the age of two months all puppies are adorable. The basenji is a unique breed and not too common in our country, therefore, the market can offer you a completely different breed of baby, besides not too healthy.
For such a pet is better to contact a specialized nursery or a well-established breeder. Puppies of this breed should be taken from the mother at the age of 8-10 weeks, when they will have to feed on their own. Even before the appearance of a charming baby basenji in your home, you need to prepare a place for a puppy, buy a leash, collar, muzzle, food and water pans, various toys, hygiene and care products.
Choosing a baby, pay attention to his behavior. At the age of two months, puppies must be active, inquisitive and cheerful. Of great importance is the physical shape of the puppy. He should have a well-groomed shiny hair, clean eyes, ears, nose. Puppies at this age are moderately well-fed, stand confidently on their paws. For newbies in dog breeding it is better to pay attention to the most peaceful puppy.
When buying a baby, check all accompanying documents: pedigree, passport, certificate of vaccinations. And one more important point - nursery staff and bona fide breeders will always be happy to answer all the questions arising from the owners. Therefore, in any abnormal situations, especially in the first three months, call the breeders, consult with them, they will always be happy to help you.