Chickens Brama are a favorite and popular breed today, as they give not only eggs, but also tasty dietary meat.
In addition, the rooster Brahma always has a very beautiful exterior and such birds will adorn any yard.
The history of the breed Brahma
These birds were bred a very long time, but it happened for a long time. The breed was bred by people serving in the temples of Asia. The breed of hens Brahma was officially recognized in 1874.
Brahma turned out due to the combination of Kochinquin and Malay hens. At the first stages of breeding the emphasis was placed on the weight of the bird, but later, by selecting individuals, the most beautiful and decorative were selected.
Often this breed of chickens give birth to with decorative purpose for decoration. These birds, walking around the yard, will surely stop themselves looking at any guest.
Description and characteristics of Brahma
This breed cannot be confused with any other, as it has specific features of the exterior. Their feathers can be dark or light, but the rooster's collar will definitely be contrast. That is, if the rooster basically has a light plumage, then its collar is necessarily dark and vice versa.
These birds have a broad dense chest and a fleshy back, a small crest without pronounced chipping and bright orange eyes. Very characteristic of this breed is thick plumage of the legs.
All chickens Brahma, regardless of the subspecies, have similar characteristics. An adult individual can reach a mass of up to 3.5 kilograms, and a rooster - 4.5 kilograms.
Also these chickens are good eggplants. One chicken per year can carry about 130 eggs. An egg can weigh a maximum of 60 grams. The shell is cream, firm.
The bird begins to carry eggs rather late, about nine months, but it does not reduce the volume of eggs, even in winter. Chicken Bramama meat tastes good, but it is a bit coarse in texture.
The advantage of keeping these chickens is that they get along well with other poultry. Their character is very humble and peaceful. Roosters never fight with other cocks, neither their own nor any other breed. To tame this bird is very simple. It feeds without problems with other poultry from one feeder.
Species of the Brahma breed
The main difference between the subspecies of chickens Brama is the color of feathers. The exterior of the Brahma chicks is a bit different from adult chickens. Photos of the breed and subspecies can be seen on the net.
Bright or Colombian chicken Brama
The color of this chicken is white and silver in the main plumage. Bright Brahma has a bright black collar and the tip of the tail and wings. Rejects of a breed are individuals with a yellowish tinge on feathers in the form of bloom.
This subspecies is covered with dark plumage with a distinct pattern. Mostly the feathers of this chicken are gray, its head has a silvery-white color of feathers, and the neck is black with a white feathers turning.
These birds have a very intricate plumage pattern. Their black and white feathers are arranged in such a way that, as a result, the drawing resembles a crescent.
Roosters This breed looks somewhat different. From head to shoulder, their color is white and silver, and the rest of the feathers should ideally be black and have a greenish tint. Feathers on the legs repeat the color of the body.
Marriage rocks are individuals, in the plumage of which there are splashes of red, brown and brown colors.
In this subspecies, the color of the plumage does not depend on the sex of the individual. Roosters differ from chickens only in a more contrasting color of the mane. The feathers of this bird are very lush, but since they fit snugly to the body, the bird does not look shaggy. At the feet of a thick plumage, which resembles pants. The bird collar should ideally be more contrast and darker than the main tail.
The breed's marriage is:
- presence of yellow or red feathers,
- presence of white feathers in the tail of the rooster,
- the absence of a pattern in the tail of the cock.
A rather specific partridge color of specimens of the Brahma breed: their plumage is pale-fawn with a gray-black outline of the feather. Cocks of Pomopatus Brahma have reddish plumage on their backs, their heads are also red, and the rest of their bodies should be black and have a green tint. Other shades in the low tide of black cock plumage are a marriage.
There are several other criteria by which chickens are considered defective:
- insufficient, small growth of a bird,
- narrow chest,
- heel resembling a hawk
- body shape, similar to the shape of the Cochin,
- lack of plumage middle finger
- loose tail plumage,
- the presence of the scallop toe.
Care and content
Basically, this breed is still grown for decorative purposes and to participate in exhibitions. To maintain the beauty of the plumage of this bird need to keep the room clean chicken coop, as well as the place of walking birds. It is necessary to ensure constant dryness in the room.
For the safe breeding of Brahma chickens at home, first of all, a well-equipped chicken coop is needed.
Keeping thoroughbred chickens with others is not recommended.. This will keep the breed purebred.
In order to increase egg production chickens, you need to provide a longer light day, which should last about 13 hours. During the day, this is achieved with the help of properly spaced windows, and in the evening when using lamps.
In the hen house with Brahma must be constant access of air. It is necessary to equip high-quality ventilation and, perhaps, even install a hood.
Also for more favorable content, it is necessary to equip birdwalker. It is best to organize it on the west side, so the birds will not be exposed to the direct rays of the scorching sun.
In principle, as can be seen, these birds do not require special care. Chickens Brahma are very hardy and unpretentious.
Before dealing with the basics of feeding Brahma chicks, you need to decide for what purpose the birds will be raised.
The most important condition for feeding birds is feed quality and freshness. The diet must contain vitamins, trace elements, as well as fats, carbohydrates and proteins. Feeding chickens should be varied and consist of both grain and vegetable components.
In constant availability of birds should be a feeder with minerals, as well as sand.
Feeding should be carried out strictly according to the regime. Food should be given to chickens three times a day. Approximately ten percent of grain feed can be poured directly onto the floor to increase bird activity.
In constant availability of chickens must be clean, not cold water. Drinking bowls should be regularly washed and carried out antiseptic.
there is two breeding methods this breed of chickens:
- breeding by breeding Brahma chicks from hatching eggs,
- purchase of young stock
- purchase of adult birds.
When buying chicken or adult chickens, they must be quarantined in order to prevent infectious diseases. When selecting individuals need to pay attention to the appearance of the bird. It must be visually healthy, mobile with high-quality plumage or, if it is a chicken, with shiny down.
Sick chickens are notable for lethargy of gait, their wings are directed downward, and their stomach sags.
It is possible to grow chickens from eggs with the help of an incubator without much difficulty. It is not recommended to use Brahma for laying eggs. Although they have a well developed this instinct, often there are cases of crushing hatching eggs.
When the herd content must be especially strictly look at the weight that is gaining chickens. It should not be too large, otherwise the bird is on a hunger strike or given low-calorie food.
It should be said that eggs that were laid by chicken Brama in the first year of life are unsuitable for incubation due to the fact that, as a rule, they are small.
The recommended number of chickens per square meter of the chicken coop - 12 pieces. Initially, it seems that this is too small for such a space, but no. Chickens grow very quickly and gain weight, and their number in the chicken coop becomes the most optimal.
It is imperative to monitor the quality of the litter. It should be dry and clean. This will avoid many troubles and diseases.
Chickens Brahma are the favorites of modern poultry farmers. With proper care, this bird will be a real decoration of any yard.
How to feed the chicken pomfret?
In the modern world, many breeds of domestic animals are derived in order for people to enjoy these benefits. Chickens Brahma are no exception. Nestlings of this "breed" gain weight faster, but this does not mean that such chickens do not need care.
Breeding brama has great benefits for humans. But meanwhile, its cultivation requires tremendous efforts.
It is important to know that you should not expect rapid growth from the chicks of this breed. Unlike other breeds, the brahma chicks grow more slowly. Also, these chicks should not be planted in one day nursery with others. By nature, brahma are active, so others may simply not get food.
To breed a real farm, you need to buy at least a couple of animals from those that you want to breed, this is logical. And then the first offspring is born, and the main question, which is not yet fully experienced by a livestock breeder or farmer, is how to feed the brothels and how to care for them in general? First of all, chickens, regardless of their breed, should be placed in special nurseries, which will provide good conditions for their future life and proper development. Also, great attention should be paid to their nutrition. Food should be varied and contain all the necessary substances. Do not forget about water. In order to get really thoroughbred chickens in the end, attention should be paid even to such trifles as water quality. it, in turn, must be fresh and contain the minimum amount of impurities. Feeding chickens Pomfret in their early days should be regular. Since this breed is intended to subsequently give a person as much meat as possible, the diet of each chick should include: vitamins, minerals, trace elements, grain. To plumage was lush and feathers did not fall out, feed sulfur should be added to the feed. But do not get too carried away with the additives, the emphasis should be placed on the fact that the chickens get enough protein foods. Sometimes chicks can be added with meat cooked waste or fed with corn grits.
Not only proper nutrition is a major aspect in the cultivation of Pomrams chicks. It is also important their location. Chicks with a young age should grow in the open and, most importantly, clean. The saying "cramped and not mad" is not valid here.
It is advisable that all tips on how to properly feed chicks to Pomfret be carried out in a complex. It makes no sense to close one hole, leaving others open.
Thus, it can be understood that it is hard enough to grow good chicken. But the observance of only a few rules, especially careful care, keeping clean and free space and, of course, a proper balanced diet - all this together will do its job!
Your Guide to Livestock Issues
Many farmers and poultry farmers - lovers, successfully grow these beauties. Due to its unique appearance, poultry brahma serve not only as a decoration for any compound, but they are also a source of useful and tasty dietary products. Since the popularity of these chickens is growing every year, we consider in more detail their content and breeding.
How did the breed
As a result of the breeding work of poultry houses that have been crossing in Asian temples and other religious buildings for more than a decade, the birds acquired new features of appearance and improved their productivity indicators. The species that has survived to our days was officially registered as early as 1874.
For a long time, the decorative qualities of chickens were considered to be the main ones, but despite this, the breed constitution was preserved, since the first brahma were heavyweights, and they received quality and tasty meat from Kokhinhin and Malay chickens.
The photo shows that, due to its original appearance, the Pomfret chickens are extraordinarily good.
Description of the appearance and characteristics of productivity
Appearance has a number of features, so confusing chickens with their relatives is very difficult. They may have a light or dark color, while cocks have a torso and collar of different colors: as seen in the photo, the neck is white and white, if the rest of the feathers are dark.
Due to the high body they have a magnificent bearing, a fleshy constitution and a small crest. One of their main differences is shaggy legs, covered with plumage up to their paws. They inherited this from their ancestors, who were thus prepared to survive in cold climates.
Numerous reviews of the owners indicate a good breed performance. The weight of adults is from 3.5 kilograms to 5 kilograms, respectively, of chickens and roosters. Dietary meat has a delicate color, pleasant taste and smell.
The period of puberty in chickens comes a little later than that of their relatives, they begin to rush at nine months. Reviews of the owners confirm that they do not have a good egg production rate - the brahman chickens carry up to 120 eggs per year, each weighing about 60 grams. Cream-colored eggs of hens with a strong shell. When winter comes, egg production does not fall.
According to the color of feathers from the Brahm, subspecies are distinguished. In the photo you can see that light, dark, fawn and partridge chicken have different descriptions and external characteristics. For more information about the breed, the dark brahma can be found in the video below.
Keeping chickens at home
Decorative appearance - this is what attracts attention, first of all, so chickens are sometimes bought to participate in exhibitions or to decorate their economy.
In order for the chickens to remain attractive, you need to remember that the plumage on the legs, as well as on the whole body, must be clean and beautiful, and for this you need to constantly monitor the order not only in the hen house, but also where the bird walks.
If you do not plan to cross with representatives of other species and breeds, isolate the bird, do not let it contact with other individuals. The room where they live should be, for example, as shown in the video below. In order for the chickens not to hurt and begin to rush early, it is necessary to maintain the temperature regime in the coop and ensure that there are no drafts. Chickens need fresh air, especially when they begin to rush. If there is no possibility of walking, or when the temperature of the air on the street decreases, the coop needs to be aired regularly. To do this, install the ventilation system or an additional hood.
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When the chickens begin to trot, monitor the lighting of the chicken coop. In the warm season, it should be light at 14 o'clock, and when the cold comes and the daylight becomes shorter - include additional lighting.
At home, it is not difficult to provide the chickens with comfortable maintenance, for this you need to know the recommendations of experienced poultry houses or listen to the feedback of those who know the breeding of pomfret firsthand. Read more about this in the video below.
Those who are just starting to breed chickens need to think carefully about issues related not only to their maintenance, but also to feeding. This is especially true of those chickens that are just beginning to rush. For all poultry without exception, the feed must be fresh, balanced, contain the necessary amount of vitamin, minerals and trace elements. It can be wetted mash, grain mixes, table waste, products from the garden and garden, mineral supplements containing calcium, etc. Chickens need sand and gravel, which improves the work of the gastrointestinal tract, it is usually poured separately from the main feed in a special container with high sides.
It is necessary to feed the chickens three times, always at the same time, according to the following scheme: grain mixtures, wetted masses, grain.
Water should be at room temperature, clean. It is poured into clean drinkers, which are regularly washed and treated with disinfectants. When the chickens begin to rush in the fall, in winter, their egg production can remain the same only if it is properly fed.
Чтобы куры не выгребали корм, кормушки можно сделать такими, как показано на видео ниже, с высокими бортиками и поднятыми до уровня шеи.
Отзывы владельцев подтверждают, что куры брама пользуются популярностью как среди птицеводов со стажем, так и среди любителей. Весь секрет в неприхотливости их к окружающим условиям и простое разведение.
How to start breeding? As a rule, they acquire adults, grown chickens or eggs, which are independently laid in an incubator. When chickens start to be born, even if you plan to increase the livestock, eggs should be collected, as chickens with a large weight can accidentally crush them. To reduce the risk of infectious disease, arriving chickens are not sent to the rest of the population, but are isolated.
Chickens Brahma are expensive. The price of an adult chicken is from 1,000 to 3,000 rubles, and the price of grown chickens is from 250 rubles. If it is possible to hatch birds in an incubator, then you can buy eggs. The price of one egg is from 60 rubles. You can find out how chickens can be bred using a simple home incubator by looking at the video below. It must be remembered that when chickens begin to be born, their eggs are small, and are not suitable for laying in an incubator. For these purposes, it is recommended to use chicken products from 110 weeks old.
Their maternal instinct is well developed, but still, as mentioned above, it is recommended to use an incubator.
Chickens Pomfret, as shown in the video below, are active, lively, run fast and have a good appetite.
The bird is prone to obesity and gains weight easily, so the menu needs to be adjusted periodically.
Based on the foregoing, attention to the breed is understandable, since it is a good opportunity to supplement your menu with useful products and decorate the compound with a bird walking around with a regal look around your guests. Their beauty and unique majestic posture always cause delight and admiration.
Hen of Brahm breed: reviews, breeding
Recently, the hen breed Bomba has aroused interest among both experienced professional poultry farmers and farmers, owners of private farmsteads and inquisitive newcomers. And such interest and ever-growing popularity are easily explained, because the birds of Brama are real giants among all the other chicken breeds, distinguished by a special article and beauty.
From whom did they come?
Birds of this breed were obtained artificially as a result of long-term selection work. The ancestral breeds that made the brahma breed appear - kohinhin and malay. It was among them that the largest individuals were selected and interbred with each other. Already in the 19th century, American breeders “added” “fresh blood” and chitagong hens were introduced into the crossing. In the future, in order to obtain the largest meat birds, a selection was made between the brahms and received offspring from the producers that most meet the requirements. In Russia, the first chicken Breeds was brought from North America.
Regarding the origin of the name of this breed, there are several versions. According to one of them, the name of chickens - Brahma was given in honor of the Indian Brahmaputra River and its environs, from where in 1846 on a US ship in New York arrived three pairs of majestic and very large birds. It is believed that from this moment began the history of the breed Pomfam. US poultry farmers were carried away with breeding work with these birds and their breeding. Over time, the breed conquered not only the American continent, but also European and Asian countries.
The hen of the Pomára breed has a special appearance, thanks to which it cannot be confused with any other breed. The plumage of birds can be both light and dark colors of various colors, but all roosters have a contrasting collar. Representatives of this breed are characterized by the following characteristics:
- voluminous and large body with a wide chest, abdomen and back,
- the hull is set high, giving the birds a magnificent posture,
- powerful and long legs and wings,
- fan-shaped lush tail,
- pod-shaped three-row small scallop without pronounced teeth,
- strong and strong yellow beak,
- red-orange eyes
- neat and small earrings and earlobes.
Talking about such a bird as the poultry, the description of the breed will be incomplete if you do not mention such a feature as fully feathered paws.
In the XIX century, American breeders sought to bring the most productive meat chickens, which also carried eggs. However, in the future, more and more attention was paid not to the performance, but to the external decorative qualities that hen-breed Pomrahma undoubtedly has. As a result of decades of breeding work, three stable subspecies were bred:
As a result of perennial cross-breeding and selection, scientists have created a dwarf subspecies of Brahm, which is very popular today. The reason is that such a bird feels great even in a small dwelling, and it eats several times less than its large “relatives”. In addition, these "kids" are relatively well born, producing up to 80 eggs per year.
In the XIX century, the brahma were only two colors - dark and light, the so-called Colombian. Today at European exhibitions more than 10 colors of brahma breed chickens are presented, the most popular of which are:
It is also worth noting that over the past decades, among the lovers of decoration, as well as professional breeders and farmers, birds of the kuchopatchatnoy color are popular. Brama kuropatchataya is a breed of chickens belonging to the American meat industry. It received its name due to the color, similar to the plumage of the partridge. The main color of these hens is golden brown, and the tail is black with greens, shiny with a metallic sheen.
Chickens Pomfret: breed description
The birds of this breed are late-ripening, since their puberty comes at the age of 29–35 weeks. If earlier the roosters of this breed reached a weight of 7 kg, today their usual weight varies between 4–5, and chickens, 3–3.5 kilograms. Dark-colored brahms weigh 300–500 g more than light-colored birds. In the year, chickens of this breed produce about 100–120 eggs of light brown color, the weight of each varies from 50 to 60 g. It is also important to note that this bird rushes during the cold winter months. The quality of meat in this breed is average, since, according to experts, it is somewhat tough and rough. In birds older than two years, there is a significant decrease in egg production, but, as a rule, it is caused by obesity due to improper diet.
Breeding chickens (breed Pomegranate) has some nuances. In order for the bird to be healthy and have a beautiful appearance, the owner will have to pay a little more attention to cleanliness both in the hen house and on the range. This is due to the fact that the thick plumage on the paws must be clean and free from various parasites. Here are some tips to get good care for the Brahms:
Features of the equipment of the roost
As already noted, chickens Brahma are quite heavy. This should be considered when equipping a chicken coop. For this bird, slightly different perches are needed than for ordinary breeds. Experts recommend to make one perch in the form of a plate about 30 cm wide, stuffed along the walls of the chicken coop at a height of no more than 40 cm from the floor. The location of perches at a higher altitude can lead to injury to birds.
Another feature of the Pomfret birds is that they can be trained to take food from their hands. However, in order for these majestic chickens to be healthy, you need to strictly monitor their diet and try to feed them at about the same time three times a day. Poultry farmers recommend giving grain mixture to the birds during the first feeding, various wet mashes in the second, and grain in the third. Also, in order to increase the locomotor activity of chickens in winter or when kept in cages, it is recommended to pour about 10% of the daily value of the grain onto the litter.
Water for this breed should always be fresh, clean and in sufficient quantity, at the rate of 1.8 measures of liquid per measure of any feed.
In addition, an adult bird needs a sufficient amount of calcium, which it can get from crushed shell rock, eggshell or chalk.
There are several options for obtaining birds of this breed. Experienced poultry farmers buy or select for incubation eggs from females older than 110 weeks, since only at this age they begin to carry suitable for breeding chickens, in size and weight, eggs. To incubate chicks, it is not recommended, despite the tendency to incubate, to use chickens Pomfret, as they weigh more than a quarter of eggs because of their weight. It is better to entrust the hatching of chicks to layers of smaller breeds. If good conditions are created, then the survival rate of the chickens of this breed is high. Given the low rate of maturation, up to seven months, the young Brahma needs a strong diet.
Owners of private farmsteads can buy an egg or young stock from breeders, but it should be borne in mind that poultry breeds are expensive. The price is quite high - for a seven-day chicken you will have to pay from 300, and for two weeks from 350 rubles. The price of hatching eggs of this breed starts from 200 rubles per piece.
After the chickens have appeared, it is important to vaccinate against avian flu in a timely manner and keep the chicks in a warm room, carefully protecting them from drafts. In the first few weeks, many poultry farmers prepare special foods for the little bras, for example, a mixture of finely chopped or grated boiled egg with wheat or corn grits. From about the second week chicks can be given low-fat cottage cheese mixed with finely chopped green nettle, dandelion or knotweed. Later, you can enter into the diet of young and chopped apples, zucchini, cucumbers and roots. For the prevention of rickets, no more than once a week chickens are given fish oil or boneless fish waste. Also, crushed limestone, egg shells or shell rock are added to the feed, hay in winter, and fresh grass in summer. As noted above, chicken chickens of the Brumah breed grow for a rather long time and puberty occurs in 8–9 months. For this reason, for up to six months, young animals should be given chicken feed.
Poultry breed hens, testimonials from poultry farmers testify that they are popular in various parts of our planet. In addition to the decorative appearance and impressive size, this is facilitated by unpretentiousness and calm, non-conflict character, endurance and vitality, pickyness in food and the possibility of domestication. However, this breed has its drawbacks, which many owners regard as features of the breed: phlegmatic character, low mobility and a tendency to obesity. Those who contain brahm as an ornamental bird that decorates the compound, do not take into account the rather low egg production and average meat quality.
Chickens Pomfret: description of birds, breeding technology, feeding and disease
The name originated in honor of the Brahmaputra River, which is located in India. Chickens brahma have big sizeTheir character is quite calm, and the decorative appearance is very beautiful. The bird of this breed has spread all over the world, it is valued by egg production and meat. These chickens are considered to be a decent breed, and only those poultry farmers who need great profits and tasty dietary meat breed them.
The mohair-footed birds, Brahma, were bred by the Americans, who brought them from India in the middle of the 19th century. Further, in the US, poultry farmers crossed rocks between Chittagongs, gray Cochinmen, and fighting Malay. Breed gave the name - gray Chittagong.
In Boston in 1859, a bird presentation took place at the farm exhibition. Of course, the name did not take root for a long time. But the farmer Barnham in 1852 gave the bird as a gift to the Queen of England as the breed of ermine hens Brahmaputra, under the modern name - Brahma. The Queen of England approved the bird and gave the nod to spread throughout Europe.
At the beginning of the 19th century, a study was conducted by Petrovskaya Agricultural Academy in Russia. The results were as follows: in each peasant poultry yard, pomfret was listed in the first five breeds in popularity. The following breeds were in favor: American Brahma, Plymouth, Kochinquin, Faverol and Orpington.
Breed of chickens Brahma: description and characteristics
Ordinary hens have the following appearance:
- skin is a little yellow in color
- varied color. Black, brown, gray, white and blue, yellow, blue, striped, fawn, birch, red Colombian shade, silvery white plumage color,
- feathers are not loose, soft, rather tightly pressed to the body. Fluff plentiful with an ashy shade. Fan lush tail. Roosters have a bright collar,
- small head size with wide forehead. The comb has no catchy teeth; it can be three-row, pod-like,
- bird structure quite meaty and dense. The moderate width of the backside, abdomen, back and chest. The hull is set high. Chickens Brahma, unlike ordinary Kokhinhin, have a raised tail with a small bone. Brahma cocks are more toned and slim, and chickens are more rounded, and their legs are short,
- strong legs and wings have long feathers, even the middle and outer toes. Brahma females have strong fingers and metatarsus, their color is gray, the males have yellow color,
- at the top of the neck is a voluminous mane, it has a small bend and a medium size,
- beak is strong, has a yellowish coloring,
- the ear lobes are no larger than average, the color is usually red,
- eyes deep set, orange and contrasting. Brow arc hanging and slightly elevated.
It is important to know! A bird with yellow plumage and a white tail is considered impermissible. The pea comb is absent. There are no feathers on the fingers and metatars. In the belt there are black stripes, despite the fact that the overwhelming number of feathers have a light shade. Metatarsus white coloring. These chickens do not fit the description of a genuine breed.
Initially, the breed Brahma was determined for meat products. Currently ranked as a deli-meat products. Productivity has slightly declined due to the fact that the breed has recently been mixed with various thoroughbred birds, for example: Asian species and Cochinquin. Among all chicken meat products, their meat is highly valued due to its dietary properties and tenderness. The taste can be reduced, and the meat coarsen, if you choose the wrong food and additives. At the present time, amateur collectors are engaged in the individual cultivation of the Brahma breed, they are not subject to interbreeding. Weight of hen and rooster:
- the layer weighs an average of 4 kg,
- cock weighs an average of 5 kg.
At the time of the spread of the breed there were brahmi and 7 kg, sometimes more. At the present time, a meeting with such big chickens will be a great success.
Poultry breed hens have excellent qualities - resilience, unpretentiousness and endurance. They are not fastidious, therefore, for them enough to build a small chicken coop and arrange a small area for walking. They are quite peaceful, one might say - phlegmatic.
Poultry breeds can kill an average of 110 eggs per year. Egg weight is 60 grams on average. The eggs are rather durable and have shades of flint, brown and brown. Chickens do not reduce egg production even during the winter period. Young chickens, since the age of 9 months, may already become layers. For the formation of eggs per day requires an average of 130 grams of feed per individual.
Kind of breed of chicken Pomfret
At the end of the 19th century, the most basic varieties were bred: ornamental dwarf, European ornamental, Asian ornamental-meat, and American meat. There are differences by subspecies: pale yellow, cured, dark and light. Subspecies:
Content and breeding
Breeding can be done by purchasing adults, chickens or eggs. Poultry farmers mainly buy the brahma breed in bird plants. A chick aged 2 weeks costs about 350 rubles. Adults are priced at 3,000 rubles. One egg for an incubator varies in the price of 60-200 rubles. Selected purchased or hatched eggs are recommended to be transferred to an incubator.
Frames are distinguished by a keen instinct of chicks, but at the expense of a large weight they can crush a quarter of eggs. Incubator is a more viable option. Juveniles grow very slowly, and chicks born after June are endangered. Not everyone will survive the winter conditions. If chickens were acquired as an adult, they should be placed on quarantine. Chicks age 4 months must be kept separately from all birds and adults of the same breed.
Chickens are allowed. in the home, but most poultry farmers prefer adult or young chicks. At that time, when the hens of Brahma begin to trot, you can breed and create a quality breeding herd. But for high-quality breeding of chickens, it is necessary to purchase adult chickens: their age must be at least two years old. Only in this case, success is guaranteed.
It is important to know! One rooster is on average 15 females.
Poultry breed hens gain over time quite a lot of weight, respectively, it is necessary to build a strong poultry house. The height of the perch should be at least 40 cm, and the width at least 30 cm. Only in such a perch with such parameters will the bird be easy to climb and feel comfortable there.
For bird pets, all drafts must be eliminated, and the chicken coop must be equipped so that it is dry and light. This is especially true for chickens. A day for chickens should not less than 14 hours of indoor lighting. In winter, the house is equipped with secondary artificial lighting. This the breed is not whimsical to the living conditions, is not afraid of frost, but dry sawdust will be suitable as a litter.
Basic rules for food and feed requirements:
It is important to know! The weight of the Brahmin breed must be kept under periodic control, because birds are prone to obesity.
These chickens have good immunity, but they can also be subject to various diseases. Strict hygiene is the key to success in chicken breeding pomfret. All accessories must be periodically processed: litter, perch, feeder and drinker. Ash and ashes are an excellent remedy against breeding various parasites in the feathers, so they should be poured into the litter.
From time to time it is recommended to procure antiparasitic baths. They are made from a container to which unrefined oil or birch tar is added to a third of a large bowl. Young animals are strongly recommended to be vaccinated in order to avoid bird flu. Indoors should not be drafts. To prevent chickens from rickets, they should be fed at least once a week with fish oil or fish with no bones.
Advantages and disadvantages
Advantages consist in unpretentiousness to living conditions and climate, unique decorativeness of birds of Pomári, resilience, high productivity and fleshyness. The disadvantages are the small activity of chickens, egg production begins in the late age period, expensive material for maintenance.
Hens of the Brahma breed were bred in North America for a long period of time and were recorded at the end of the nineteenth century. As a result of the crossover of fighting Malay and Kokhinkhinsky meat, a large variety with a beautiful appearance was obtained. In Russia, the bird is widespread in the twentieth century.
Read about the Russian crested breed of chickens here.
The following characteristics are inherent in the Home Brahma::
- Color It can be different: brown, silver, black, partridge, yellow, blue, striped. There are also multi-colored varieties, as well as interspersed with other shades.
- Pooh As a rule, it may be thick, abundant, soft and not curvy. It has an ash tint.
- Skin covering. A healthy adult bird is yellow.
- Body type. Strong, fleshy, quite wide. Chickens have good bones and are more rounded than roosters.
- Head. Its size is small, but the bird's forehead is wide. The comb has no distinct teeth and has a pod-like shape. Earrings are small, red. Under the beak is a skin bridle.
- Beak. Possesses a yellow shade and impressive strength.
- Eyes. As a rule, they are deep-lying, have an orange-brown shade. Brow arc at the same time slightly hanging.
- Limbs. The wings are well developed, the legs are strong, long, completely covered with feathers.
The bird has excellent vitality and disease resistance. At the same time, the chickens are peaceful, phlegmatic and calm, balanced. Due to these characteristics, they can be kept together with other birds of this type in one hen house. Individuals get used to humans quickly enough and do not show aggression.
Brahma females start laying at the age of nine months. As soon as they gain a mass of three kilograms, their productivity increases, so that they bring up to one hundred and twenty eggs a year. The weight of each egg is more than sixty grams.
Adult cocks on average reach a mass of five kilograms, females - four. At the same time, the meat has good taste and dietary properties.
Egg production is affected not only by the quality of food and maintenance, but also by the length of daylight hours and the presence or absence of stress.
Varieties of Brahma chickens are distinguished by color and plumage.
In a different way, the light variety is called the Colombian.. The body of such chickens is light silver, but the feathers and the ends of the tail are painted in dark colors. Roosters also have stripes in the lumbar region, as well as a black collar.
The individuals are large, have strong powerful legs, wide back and chest, red scallop and earrings. The variety was derived as meat and the first males had a mass of up to seven kilograms. Today it is up to five and a half pounds. Layers in the first two years bring up to one hundred and twenty eggs a year; however, in the third year, productivity usually decreases. About why chickens do not rush, you can find here.
The color of dark chickens from the plumage of roosters is characterized by the complexity of the pattern. They have a white head and a bright neck with black edging. White stripes on dark gray and black feathers round the feather around the edges. In males, however, the coloring is simpler, with a predominance of dark color and no pronounced pattern. However, the black feathers of males are distinguished by the presence of green reflux. The productive qualities of dark chickens do not practically differ from the characteristics of the light subspecies. Up to one hundred and ten eggs weighing a little more than fifty grams can be obtained from laying hens per year.
As the name suggests, the color of plumage of this subspecies is similar to the color of partridges. The main shade is light fawn. In this case, there is a triple delineation of feathers in dark gray. The head and back of males are dark red, the legs and abdomen are black with a greenish tint. Females bring brown-colored eggs with a productivity of up to one hundred and ten pieces per year. The mass of a unit of product is a little over fifty grams.
Performance characteristics relative to the live weight of chickens and cockerels are somewhat less pronounced.than other subspecies. Thus, the average weight of a chicken carcass is from three to four kilograms, the male - from three and a half to four and a half.
Chickens breed hatch usually brown or yellow. The color of the adult bird is golden brown. The species is also characterized by a dark collar and black tail color. Deep red color can be observed on the head, back and mane of birds. Individuals with a light tail or too many red feathers on the body are subject to culling.
The performance characteristics of pale yellow chickens are similar to the description of light ones. The mass of roosters is up to five and a half kilograms, chickens up to four and a half. The number of eggs per year - up to one hundred and twenty in the period of greatest productivity.
To make a good profitIt is important to properly organize the feeding and maintenance of Brahma chickens.
In order to ensure the balance of nutrients, vitamins and minerals in feed, you must adhere to the following rules of the organization of nutrition:
- Important organize three meals for young and adult chickens. It is important to serve food every day at the same time.
- ForTo make feeding as useful as possible for productivity, it is recommended to adhere to the following feeding scheme: in the morning - cereal mixtures, in the afternoon - mash, in the evening - grain.
- Menu basis should be cereals and cereals. Also in the diet should contain animal proteins, vitamin-mineral premixes, chalk, greens, vegetables, bran.
- Separately in the hen house there should be a tank filled with river sand. It is necessary for normal digestion.
- Feed It is recommended to periodically update and change. However, the procedure is important to do gradually.
- For, to improve the physical activity of individuals, it is useful to lay out part of the food on the floor.
It is important that water is always present in the drinkers. Periodically (about once a week) it is useful to feed the bird with weak solutions of potassium permanganate to prevent infections. About diseases of chickens and their treatment, read this link.
The correct ratio in the feed protein, carbohydrates and fats (fifteen, fifty and four grams, respectively, per day) determines the softness and fat content of meat.
In order to maintain health, weight and pleasant appearance of hens Brama, you must comply with the basic requirements of care:
- Additional heating in chicken coops is not required due to the thick plumage of the bird. However, it is important not to allow drafts in the rooms.
- Overpopulation in the house can cause infectious diseases. Therefore, one square meter is recommended to settle no more than two or three individuals.
- In the winter season additional lighting is recommended in the hen house. The maximum duration of daylight hours in this case should be no more than fourteen hours per day.
- Paddock required for summer and winter maintenance. It must contain feeders, drinkers, as well as access to the canopy.
- In the hen house must have at least one window. It is best to equip it with a ventilation system.
To keep the poultry fit conventional insulated wooden shedand as a nest there is a wooden box filled with straw or hay. We should not forget about the perch, which must be built at the rate of at least half a meter of timber per hen or rooster.
For breeding can be purchased as grown young, so are chickens or eggs. In the latter case, it is recommended to enclose them in the nests of smaller chickens with a pronounced maternal instinct or in an incubator. The cost of adults comes to three thousand rubles, so it is important to acquire them only in specialized farms.
Young animals differ relatively slow growth. Up to four months of age, chicks are recommended to be kept separately from adult chickens.
For incubation, it is important to select eggs of the correct shape and weight. It is important to choose the dates at which the hatching will occur no later than June.
What diseases are subject to
One of the most common diseases is coccidiosis. The infection is inherited from the parental individuals, it can also be obtained through the soil and insects. Brahma is also prone to diseases of the joints due to weakness of the limbs with a high weight. Poor nutrition can cause avitaminosis.
About the symptoms and treatment of coccidiosis can be found here.
In rare cases, the bird is exposed to pasteurellosis, respiratory diseases, hypothermia. An obstruction of the digestive organs and, in particular, of the goiter is also likely.
In order to prevent the occurrence of characteristic diseases, including infectious, it is necessary to carry out preventive measures. Thus, feeding containers must be thoroughly cleaned before each meal, and systematically treated with disinfectors. Against the parasites should use a special bath of a mixture of tar and vegetable oil.
Vaccination is also a preventive measure. As a rule, for chicken Brahma use drugs against bird flu. To prevent the development of rickets, chickens are added with fish oil.
The presence of vitamins in the diet (especially vitamin D), calcium and other minerals is extremely important for the prevention of deficient pathologies, as well as diseases of bones and joints. A sturdy skeleton is needed to support body weight.
This video tells about the breed of chickens Brahma.
- Chickens breed Brahma They have two important properties: a large body weight and a pleasant color and appearance.
- The bird is not afraid of the coldtherefore, it can be maintained in relatively cold regions without additional heating.
- Bird meat It has excellent taste and directly depends on feeding.
- Adult bird cost and young stock is relatively high, so you can also make a profit from the sale.
Also read about the best breeds of laying hens in this article.
Information about the origin of the breed is quite contradictory. It is believed that the pomfret is bred by crossing Malay hens and Cochinquins. However, it is not entirely clear exactly when this crossing occurred.
Obviously, the early stage of rock formation took place in Southeast Asia. For hundreds of years, the monks of Indochina were taken out for keeping large ornamental chickens at temples.
In the middle of the XIX century, from the Chinese port of Shanghai to America and England began to export various breeds of chickens, among which were the ancestors of modern chickens Brahma. At the same time, all the hens delivered from this port were called by the Europeans and Americans simply “Shanghai birds” without any indication of the original breed.
Here lies the main mystery: did the Brahman brahma come to the West as an already fully formed breed, or was the crossing of Malay chickens and Cochinmen already happening in America and Europe? There are conflicting opinions on this score, but we are inclined to believe that the breed was still formed in Asia (and there were several of its varieties), and in America it has already been perfected.
The breed was officially registered in the USA in 1874. American breeders worked primarily on improving meat qualities, so there this breed is still considered to be purely meat. In the second half of the XIX - early XX centuries. she was the best in her direction.
Напротив, в Европе курица брама ценилась в первую очередь за ее эстетические качества. Beautiful shaggy birds were used primarily to decorate the yard, and therefore the breeders here also worked in the decorative direction, completely ignoring the meat qualities of the breed. This is how the European subtype of the breed - decorative.
But in Asia itself, the breed has the status of decorative and meat.
Over time, the breed has spread around the world. And in many countries, they prefer one of several subtypes.
Breed description chicken pomfret
Representatives of this breed are easily recognizable by their very characteristic appearance, unlike most other chickens.
First, both the hen and rooster Pomfret have a magnificent bearing. Secondly, they have a rather massive body constitution, according to which it is not difficult to guess that this is still a meat breed. The comb of the cocks is relatively small and devoid of clearly pronounced teeth. Thirdly, it is fashionable to consider one of the most noticeable distinctive features of the breed to be abundant plumage on its paws.
As mentioned above, this breed has several subtypes, differing primarily in plumage colors. These subtypes were formed at the early stage of the breed (in Asia) and then were improved by Europeans and Americans. There are four main subtypes:
- Light, or Colombian Brahma. One of the most common subtypes. The main plumage of the bird has a silvery-white color, and the tail and, to a lesser extent, the “collar”, are black. There are also some black feathers on the wings.
- Dark Pomfret. Description of this subtype: common feather color range is dark. Chickens are dominated by a gray-brown hue with a complex feather pattern. Males are almost completely black with a greenish tint; only a lot of white feathers are present on the back and collar.
- Pale yellow brama. Birds of both sexes have red-brown plumage. At the same time, the roosters have a darker collar. In general, these birds have lush and slightly loose, although tight-fitting plumage. On the legs there is a clearly visible light feather edge, which creates the effect of panties. Both cocks and hens have a collar much darker than the body.
- Kuropatchataya Brahma. Chickens have light fawn feathers with a complex black and gray pattern. Roosters have a back, collar and head red-red, and the rest is black with a dark greenish tint.
The nature of the roosters moderately pugnacious, like other breeds. But the hens are very peaceful and also excellent hens.
Peculiarities of keeping pomfam hens
In terms of care and feeding, the Brahma breed is not fundamentally different from any other chicken breed. The bird needs a warm, clean and well-lit chicken house, a walking area and a balanced diet. Nevertheless, there are a number of points that are still worth mentioning additionally.
First, you need to take into account the large size of adults. This means that the standard sizes of perches, nests and other elements in the hen house will have to be slightly increased. For the same reason, ready-made chicken coops designed for smaller birds are not suitable for them.
Secondly, thanks to the lush plumage of the hen, the pomfret tolerates cold much better. Of course, this does not mean that they can be kept on the street all year round, but you can save a little on the insulation of the hen house. Also in winter they will walk more on the street than other chickens.
Third, again, due to its large size, this breed is not as frisky as other chickens. Accordingly, they can fence a walking area of a smaller area than that provided by the general standard. The height of the barrier is also allowed to be made smaller.
Fourthly, poultry breeds require a standardized diet. This is a broiler fed from the principle, the more they eat, the better. But this breed (especially adults) when overfeeding is prone to obesity, which reduces its productivity.
Fifth, in order to accelerate the already slow growth of chickens, it is recommended to increase the content of protein products in feed mixtures. In this regard, fish and meat and bone meal, milk powder, cottage cheese and whey show themselves well. When the young growth reaches five months, the protein content in the feed should be reduced, otherwise the young bones will not withstand the rapidly growing muscle mass.
Prospects for breeding in Russia
Due to low egg production and slow physiological growth, hen breeds of Pomfam are absolutely not suitable for industrial breeding in large-scale poultry farms. They prefer an order of magnitude more productive motocross birds.
But for private households, this breed fits perfectly. Chickens Pomfret have moderately good health and do not need too specific care and nutrition. At the same time, they donate their owners with enough eggs, and one carcass of a chicken or a rooster is enough to feed a whole family. At the same time, the very beautiful appearance of these birds will also decorate the village courtyard.
In conclusion, we recall that the dense plumage of hens of this breed allows them to easily endure the climatic conditions even of the northern regions of Russia.