Favorite pets are subject to various diseases no less than people. Their treatment requires professional intervention by a veterinarian and the involvement of a multitude of drugs for the implementation of all therapeutic interventions. One of the best recognized drug "Roncoleukin". For cats, dogs, other small pets, he is able to provide invaluable benefits and send your pet to recover. The detailed properties of the drug used in veterinary medicine will be discussed below.
The drug is synthesized in the form of a solution for injection. One ampoule contains the active substance - interleukin - in the amount of 0.05, 0.10, 0.25, 0.50 mg. The preparation is packaged in sterile conditions and safe for use. "Roncoleukin" for cats can be purchased at specialized pharmacy chains.
The drug, through the action of the active component, inhibits the activity of pathogenic microflora, infected animal cells. This determines the immune potential against fungal, viral, bacterial infections and cancer lesions. The drug "Roncoleukin" for cats has been successfully used to restore the health of animals of any age and breed. A treatment plan or a course of preventive procedures is developed by the doctor of the veterinary clinic.
General scope of application
"Roncoleukin" for cats can be used only in a veterinary clinic. The drug is used as a corrector of the level of immunity, which is important for the treatment of purulent-inflammatory, oncological, infectious diseases and as a prophylactic agent. The use of the solution is permissible after a thorough examination of the pet.
"Roncoleukin" for cats helps to overcome postoperative complications (for example, after sterilization), to eliminate the adverse effects of stress factors, increases the effectiveness of vaccination and eliminates the possibility of complications that may occur after vaccination.
The drug is used in veterinary practice to stimulate regeneration and repair reactions, including after injuries and surgery. The tool normalizes immunity in old, convalescent and weakened animals.
For which diseases is the medicine prescribed?
The drug with the name "Roncoleukin" (instructions for use contains similar data) is used as part of complex therapy or separately.
The drug is used in these cases:
- Identification of respiratory and infectious diseases.
- Benign and malignant tumors.
- Purulent inflammatory lesions.
- Infectious-destructive changes localized in the bone tissue.
- Diseases of the organs of vision and epidermis.
- Diseases of the mouth.
- Lesions of the urinary system.
- Various hereditary diseases.
- Hypothermic syndrome.
The tool helps to reduce the recovery time of the cat, quickly normalizes the biochemical composition of the blood, contributing to the recovery of the pet. If cancer is treated, then there is a cessation or apparent weakening of the tumor process, overgrowing of fistulas and removal of edema, a significant improvement in the general condition.
Strengthening the protective forces of pets, including those newly born to the world, that is, kittens, is the main preventive purpose of the veterinary medicine "Roncoleukin". Instructions for use implies the use of the solution as an immunomodulator.
The drug can not be used in these cases:
- Increased sensitivity of the cat to the active component of the drug.
- The treatment is not recommended to be carried out in hot weather, when the animal is excited, after intensive games with balls, mice, etc.
- The drug is administered fractionally, with maximum caution, if the pet has cardiovascular diseases.
Next, you can consider what deserved the drug "Roncoleukin" reviews regarding restrictions on use. Veterinarians note that the solution rarely causes allergic reactions. Cats practically do not show high sensitivity to its active ingredients. In medical practice, it is used almost without restrictions.
"Roncoleukin" (the instruction fully confirms this) is included in the treatment plan for the treatment of all pets (cats of any breed), according to the instructions provided:
- Fungal, viral or bacterial lesions - subcutaneous or intravenous injections are prescribed. The solution is introduced in the amount of 10,000-15,000 IU per kg, 2-5 times per day.
- When oncological diseases are detected, 5 intradermal or intravenous injections are prescribed in an amount of 15,000 to 20,000 IU / kg. The course of treatment is duplicated not earlier than in a month.
To implement a successful treatment, veterinarians often use "Roncoleukin". The instruction explains that the course of therapy consists of 2-3 injections (10,000 IU / kg), which are prescribed to a cat at intervals of 1–2 p / day. After the treatment is implemented, appetite and normal temperature levels are rapidly restored. There has been a rapid healing of wounds and the safe state of health of the pet.
When identifying infectious-destructive changes in bone tissue, injections allow to eliminate lameness, local hyperthermia, in cats, subcutaneous fistulas heal. The use of medication helps eliminate the danger to life and the development of extremely negative consequences. The owner must be aware that the lack of therapy can lead to the fact that the pet may remain disabled.
For blepharitis, keratitis, injuries and other eye damage, the drug is used as part of a comprehensive treatment plan. A cat is given 2-3 injections (10,000 IU / kg) in 24-48 hours. According to the testimony of "Roncoleukin" for animals can be administered subconjunctivally. When a pussy suffers from a chronic form of the disease, the course of treatment is duplicated. All manipulations are implemented in a veterinary clinic.
When viral lesions of the mouth injections are introduced under the base of the pathological formations. An insulin syringe is used to ease handling and relieving discomfort. If the cat suffers from stomatitis, the drug is injected into the lesion. Usually recovery occurs at 7-10 days. In addition, the drug is widely used to eliminate pockets and osteomyelitis of the jaw bones.
Treatment of diseases of the urinary system
The use of "Roncoleukin" is shown as part of complex therapy. The cat is prescribed 2-3 injections of individual dosage. If an advanced form of the disease is observed, the number of injections can be increased to five. Pets prescribed low protein diet. The drug helps to improve the prognosis of the disease, reduces renal failure, in chronic forms increases the duration of remission.
Hyperthermic syndrome in cats
According to the standard treatment plan, the pet receives up to five injections. After that, the drug can be administered orally, that is, the cat is drunk with medicine along with water. The therapy lasts for several days and helps to multiply the effectiveness of resuscitation. The cat receives all the prerequisites for recovery.
To enhance the effect of vaccines and eliminate the development of possible complications, a single injection of 5000 IU per kg is prescribed to a cat. "Roncoleukin" (veterinary solution) may be administered 1-2 days before the vaccination procedure or in conjunction with a vaccine.
For the prevention of viral, fungal or bacterial lesions, you need to implement 1-2 injections with an interval of 48 hours. The volume of the injected solution is 5000 IU per kg of weight.
If the animal has undergone surgery, to prevent the development of potential complications, it is injected with 1-2 injections under the skin or intravenously (5000 IU / kg). According to the testimony of the drug is prescribed before or after surgery. If you need to put two injections, you should observe the interval of 48 hours.
When transportation is planned, a single injection is given in two days in the volume indicated above. Such manipulations are appropriate in the presence of all stress factors in the cat's life (examination of the veterinarian, exhibitions, competitions, etc.).
Weak and old animals are given a injection of 10,000 IU / kg every 3–6 months.
Use of medication to treat other animals.
The drug has been used in the agricultural industry. The drug is often used to treat horses, goats, sheep, and cows. When animals suffer from bronchitis, pneumonia, emphysema or any respiratory diseases, they are prescribed 2-3 injections (1000 IU / kg) with an interval of 24-72 hours. To prevent the development of the pathologies of the respiratory system, a monthly single dose of 2000 IU / kg is indicated. .
If epidermal lesions are found, such as erythema, rash, local anti-inflammatory therapy is combined with Roncoleukin pricks. The dose is 1000 IU / kg, observing the 48-hour interval between injections. With dermatitis, the drug can be administered drip with preservation of identical dosage.
Animals suffering from impaired mineral metabolism should receive double injections of 1000 IU / kg after 48 hours. Therapy courses are duplicated in 30-60 days, which depends on the actual indications. The final treatment plan is produced by a veterinarian.
For frostbite, burns, traumatic injuries, 2-3 injections are prescribed. The first time the solution is drip, then - subcutaneously. Dosage - 1000-2000 IU / kg, in compliance with the two-day interval.
When an oncological disease is detected, the appointment of 3-5 injections is indicated (1000-2000 IU / kg). First, the agent is injected drip, then subcutaneously. In the subsequent implementation of the treatment, the animal should receive the drug by 1-2 injections per month.
Medication is prescribed for small foals for immunity correction (1000-2000 IU / kg subcutaneously). Old and weakened animals get a similar dosage. If the cattle experiences a period of heavy physical exertion, a weekly injection of 1000 IU / kg is prescribed to increase the reserve capacity of the body.
Methods of Drug Administration
At the discretion of the veterinarian, a cat may receive medication as follows:
- Subcutaneously - the contents of the ampoule is diluted in 2.00 ml of a 0.90% NaCl solution (specially synthesized for injection). The finished medicine is injected into the neck.
- Intravenous - the drug "Roncoleukin" is diluted in a solution of NaCl 0.90% and injected into a vein.
- Intranasal - the remedy is diluted according to the previous method and two drops are inserted into each nostril, for which a pipette is used.
- Orally, the contents of 1 ampoule dissolve in 10.00 ml of NaCl solution and slowly pour in under the tongue. Sometimes the solution is irrigated feed. It is desirable to firmly hold the pet's head with short-term fixation of the jaws, so that the medicine is absorbed into the mucous membrane.
- Outwardly - in 20.00 ml of NaCl solution the contents of the ampoule are dissolved, the agent is used for treating wound surfaces and for applying therapeutic applications. All dressings used must be sterile. To prevent the removal of the bandage on the cat's neck, place a special ring.
- Intra vesical - in 50 ml of NaCl solution (the volume can be adjusted depending on the weight of the animal) the contents of the ampoule are diluted. The drug is injected into the bladder through a catheter. This method is implemented in the diagnosis of diseases of the genitourinary system.
When the dissolution of the medicine "Roncoleukin" is planned (the dosage is calculated on the basis of the weight of the cat), it is not recommended to shake the ampoule strongly to avoid excessive foaming.
When implementing the treatment, it is highly recommended to observe the indicated dosages, otherwise the temperature of the cat may increase or there will be irregularities in the heart rhythm. If an excess amount of the solution still entered the bloodstream, the symptoms of overdose are stopped by analeptics and anti-inflammatory medications.
It is necessary to observe the sequence and treatment regimen, without skipping the next injection, otherwise the effectiveness of the actions taken will decrease dramatically.
Some animals may experience a response to Roncoleukin injections:
- Anxiety, indisposition.
- Consolidation, soreness at the injection site.
The drug can be used with vaccines, vitamins, anti-fungal, antiviral agents, iron supplements and antibiotics. However, one should refrain from administering with glucose.
Evaluations of pet owners and doctors
Now it is possible to get acquainted with the way the reviews of professionals and the owners of animals have developed about the preparation “Roncoleukin”.
Most pet owners rated the high efficacy of the drug. The beneficial effect of the drug is fully confirmed by practical experience of use. "Roncoleukin" saves the health of beloved cats, prolongs life, if the pet is already old. The medicine helps to recover if the animal feels bad after a long illness.
Veterinarians confirm the reviews of the owners, noting that this drug is very effectively used in modern veterinary therapy. Animals improve the quality of life, which is especially important for old and weakened individuals, strengthens the immune system, recovery from a wide range of serious diseases occurs much faster.
Are there alternatives?
Veterinarians have noted that so far no effective and safe replacement means have been identified for the Roncoleukin preparation. Analogue drugs, therefore, is missing. In modern veterinary practice, it is the only drug that has such a broad pharmacological effect.
The safety and health of your beloved pet is what every owner is responsible for. Doctors recommend that you seek help in a timely manner, preferably at official veterinary clinics, so that the cat has every chance of recovery and a full, cheerful life. Qualified specialists will definitely help with this.
Release form and composition
This medicine is supplied to veterinary clinics and pet stores in the form of a solution poured into ampoules. The main active substance is interleukin-2, obtained from yeast. Also included in the preparation are the following substances:
water for injections.
Indications for use
This drug is usually used either for the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases, or for oncology in domestic animals. At the same time, it can be used both individually and in combination with other drugs. When using this tool, the recovery of animals in any case comes faster.
In addition to oncology, according to the instructions, Roncoleukin can be used for, for example, diseases such as:
burns, fractures and other injuries,
diseases of the eyes and mouth,
problems with the urogenital system and skin.
Also, this tool is often used to alleviate the condition of the animal and accelerate its recovery in postoperative periods. In addition, with the use of "Roncoleukin" often support the health of very old cats and dogs.
It is believed that the use of the drug "Roncoleukin" cannot do any harm to the animal in any way. However, it is not always possible to treat cats and dogs with its use. It is forbidden, according to the instructions for "Ronkoleukin", to give his pet if the latter has such problems:
Allergic reaction to the components of the drug.
Diseases of the circulatory system.
Do not give this medicine to pregnant cats and dogs. “Roncoleukin” is a veterinary drug that is not allowed to be used even when the animal has a heart rhythm.
Introduce pets this drug is allowed:
For various skin diseases, Roncoleukin’s solution for cats and dogs can be used externally. Intravenously, this drug is usually administered to pets in veterinary clinics. Intramuscularly it can be prick and at home. The same goes for oral administration, of course.
How to use "Roncoleukin" for cats
Such a pet is usually prescribed in the amount of one injection per day in a course of five days. The specific dosage of this medication depends on the type of disease. So, for example:
with chronic ailments, cats are given 5 injections of 10 thousand units per 1 kg of weight,
The same dose is used in the treatment of purulent inflammation and intestinal infections,
with renal polycystic appoint 20 thousand. Units per 1 kg of weight for 5-7 days with an interval of 48 hours,
for the treatment of oncology use 15 thousand. Units / kg for 5 days,
с целью повышения иммунитета назначают 5-10 тыс. Ед/кг 1-3 раза через день.
Каким образом применяют «Ронколейкин» для собак
Этим животным препарат также чаще всего назначают по одной инъекции в день в течение 5 суток. Дозировки и в данном случае подбираются индивидуально, в зависимости от возраста и конкретного заболевания животного.
to prevent the development of complications after operations, 5 thousand IU / kg are used before or after the surgical intervention,
10 thousand IU / kg (two injections with an interval of 48 hours) are used to restore the immunity of old animals,
To prevent the effects of stress, Roncoleukin for dogs is used in quantities of 5 thousand IU / kg 48 hours before an important event or, for example, transportation.
Injections of this drug to dogs and cats can be done independently. But to calculate the dose of medicine in each case should, of course, the vet.
One of the undoubted advantages of using Roncoleukin for treatment is that, unlike many other veterinary drugs, it does not have any harmful effect on the kidneys and livers of pets. Moreover, the tool can even improve the condition of these organs in cats and dogs.
Side effects when using this medication are extremely rare. But sometimes a negative reaction of the body after its reception can still be observed. The most common side effects of using Roncoleukin are:
itching at the injection site
heart rhythm disorder
Sometimes, as already mentioned, this remedy can cause allergic reactions in cats and dogs. If such an effect occurs, the drug should be immediately discontinued.
Use of "Roncoleukin" for animals, of course, follows strictly according to the instructions and in accordance with the recommendations of the veterinarian. Overdose of this medication leads to heart rhythm disturbances and fever. In order to stop the animal from the side effects of the use of "Rokalekin", he is usually given analeptics or anti-inflammatory drugs.
How to make an injection
At home, "Roncoleukin" cats and dogs are usually injected subcutaneously in the withers. Before injection, the drug is necessarily diluted with saline. In its pure form, a pet cannot be prickly in any way. Otherwise, the animal will be very painful. The pet's feelings will be as if hot oil was poured under his skin. Dilute the drug from one vial with physiological saline in the amount of 1.5-2 ml.
In the absence of experience injections, it is better to entrust the vet. Each injection of an animal must be delivered correctly, without loss of the drug. Interruptions in the course of treatment greatly reduce the effectiveness of this drug.
In what cases you can not use the tool itself
Contraindications, judging by the instructions, the "Roncoleukin" is not so much. However, only high-quality medication is allowed for injection. You can not prick this tool to a pet:
if the drug has expired,
at violation of tightness of ampoules,
in the presence of sediment in the solution, turbidity or impurities.
Do not use the drug for the treatment of animals, and if the package does not contain information about the expiration date and time of release.
How to store
The shelf life of "Roncoleukin" in ampoules is 2 years. After a leakage test, this tool should be stored for no more than 2 days. After this period, the medication should be disposed of.
It is believed that it is best to store this product at a temperature of 2-8 ° C. That is, keep it at home should always be in the refrigerator. Otherwise, the drug will quickly deteriorate and it will not be possible to use it for the treatment of pets. Transport of this medicine is allowed at air temperatures up to +25 ° C. But in this case the vehicle delivered to the destination must be within a maximum of 10 days.
Of course, this medicine should be stored in the house in such a way that animals or children could not access it on their own. Receiving this agent in large quantities, as already mentioned, can be dangerous.
The opinion of pet owners on the drug "Roncoleukin" has developed just great. Most owners of cats and dogs believe that, for example, the health of a pet, which is shaken due to an infection, can help very well. When using this tool, even completely hopeless animals that have already been handed down “death sentences” by veterinarians often stand up. The growth of cancerous tumors slows this remedy significantly. And sometimes animals even get better from oncology during treatment with this drug.
Judging by the reviews, the "Roncoleukin" is a significant drawback. Owners of cats and dogs consider it quite expensive. However, most pet owners believe that the price of this medicine is far from being beyond the limit. At the very least, many lovers of cats and dogs are advised to buy this tool for home vet drugstore.
"Roncoleukin" for man
The fact that this tool can cure animals from the most dangerous diseases impresses, of course, many owners. And some even wonder if people can use the veterinary Roncoleukin. Doctors do not recommend this. This drug was developed all the same for animals. In addition, there is Roncoleukin on the market today, designed specifically for the treatment of humans. And of course, it is more correct in this case will use this tool.
Instructions for use
There are several options for using an immunostimulant:
- for subcutaneous injection, you need to dissolve the agent in 2-9 ml of injection water, or using a solution of 0.9% sodium chloride,
- for intravenous administration, the composition is mixed with 0.9% sodium chloride solution (100-400 ml),
- with intranasal use, the ampoule is mixed with 4 ml of 0.9% sodium chloride solution or injectable water,
- for use externally, the ampoule of the drug is dissolved in 5-10 ml of 0.9% sodium chloride solution,
- for oral administration, a mixture of an ampoule and 2-10 ml of injection water or 0.9% sodium chloride solution is prepared.
Daily dosage for cats and other pets:
- in the treatment of animals from various infections - 10,000 - 15,000 IU / kg weight,
- after chemotherapy or oncology - 15,000 - 20,000 IU / kg weight,
- for intranasal use - 100,000 IU.
Rules for the use of roncoleukin in medical therapy:
- with oncology - 5 doses with a break of 1-2 days (into a vein or under the skin),
- with infections - from 2 to 5 doses with a break of 1-3 days (in a vein or under the skin).
Prophylactic Use Rules:
- to enhance the effect of the vaccine and reduce the risk of complications after vaccination - 1-2 days before the vaccination of a pet,
- to prevent the occurrence of complications during surgery - one dose a day before surgery and the second a day after it,
- to prevent a stressful situation when moving, visiting institutions, etc. - 1 ampoule 2 days before the planned event,
- for immunity adjustment - 2 doses with an interval of 1-2 days (regular use 1 time in 3-6 months),
- To prevent infection with diseases caused by viruses, fungi or harmful bacteria - 1-2 doses with an interval of 2 days.
Storage conditions and shelf life
Roncoleukin retains its properties in this mode:
- medium temperature - in the range of 2-10 ° C
- lack of sunlight.
The storage location of the drug should be inaccessible to children and pets. Means are transported no more than 2 days at a temperature indicator up to 25 °.
The shelf life of the drug is 24 months from the date of manufacture.
Price and analogues
You can purchase roncoleukin at the pharmacy, pet shop or via the Internet. The cost of the ampoule varies depending on the amount of active ingredient. The price of one ampoule (50,000 IU) is about 150 rubles.
To stimulate the immune system, other means of similar action can be used:
When using an immunostimulant, it is important to note that it is not worth shaking the vial or ampoule unnecessarily so that no foam is formed.
For the production of interleukin in the body are the so-called T-helper cells, which are represented by special lymphocytes.. The substance is formed as a response of the body to viruses. The developed IL stimulates the production of T-killers, and at the same time, the synthesis of the substance inside the T-helpers is enhanced. Features of the principle of action of IL are incorporated in its ability to easily bind to specific cell receptors of various antigens that enter the body of not only humans, but also animals.
The drug “Roncoleukin” is effective in many cases:
- septic conditions accompanied by immunosuppression
- septic changes of posttraumatic type,
- wound infections after serious injuries,
- dermatitis, dermatosis, eczema, trophic ulcers,
- surgical and obstetric and gynecological problems,
- thermal and chemical burns,
- severe pneumonia, pleurisy and bronchitis,
- often recurrent respiratory pathologies,
- abdominal syndrome and peritonitis,
- pancreatonecrosis and acute pancreatitis,
- rapidly progressive tuberculosis,
- cancers of renal tissue,
- viral, bacterial, fungal and yeast lesions.
Thus, interleukin has a very beneficial effect on the production of protective cells in the body of an animal, represented by monocytes, macrophages, B and T lymphocytes. The active substance enhances the performance of Langerhans cells, which are intraepidermal macrophages.
It is interesting! The pharmacological features of the drug “Roncoleukin” cause the rapid destruction of virtually any microflora entering the body of the animal, and also provide reliable protection against bacteria, viruses, yeast and fungal pathogenic agents.
From the recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2), the structural and functional analogue of endogenous interleukin-2, the indicators of T-killer activity directly depend. Among other things, this substance significantly increases the body's resistance to certain tumor cells, accelerates the process of their detection and subsequent destruction.
Composition, release form
Immunomodulator “Roncoleukin” is a convenient to use dosage form in the form:
- lyophilized powder for solution - 1 ampoule,
- recombinant human interleukin-2 in the amount of 0.25 mg, 0.5 mg and 1 mg or 250 thousand, 500 thousand or 1 million IU, respectively.
Immunomodulatory drug aids:
- sodium dodecyl sulfate solubilizer - 10 mg,
- stabilizer D-mannitol - 50 mg,
- dithiothreitol reducing agent - 0.08 mg.
The cardboard pack contains five ampoules, as well as a convenient ampoule knife. Porous mass and lyophilized powder, compacted into a white or yellowish tablet, hygroscopic, readily soluble when using isotonic sodium chloride solution.
In cases where the drug is used in adequate doses, and is also administered to the pet in the recommended ways, side effects, as a rule, are not noted. Subcutaneous injection of the drug “Roncoleukin” can sometimes be accompanied by a brief pain sensation in the form of “burning”.
With a significant violation of the rules of the use of the immunomodulator immediately after the introduction, an increase in local and general body temperature, as well as a not too pronounced pulse increase, is noted. A significant overdose when administered intravenously may cause an animal to develop an life-threatening anaphylactic shock or death. Subcutaneously injected drug undiluted provokes local inflammatory processes.
Roncoleukin cost for cats
The cost of recombinant interleukin-2, a structural and functional analogue of endogenous interleukin-2, isolated from Saccharomyces servisvise baking non-pathogenic yeast cells with an integrated human gene, is quite affordable. The average price of this drug varies depending on the concentration of the active substance and is today:
- 50 thousand IU - 190-210 rubles,
- 100 thousand IU - 240-260 rubles,
- 250 thousand IU - 340-360 rubles.,
- 500 thousand IU - 610-63 rubles.
To acquire an effective immunomodulator of a new generation is recommended only in veterinary pharmacies. When buying, be sure to check the quality of the drug, as well as its shelf life.
Reviews of Roncoleukin
Immunostimulant “Roncoleukin” veterinarians prescribe not only adult pets, but also newborn kittens, old and weakened animals. The main effect of this drug is based on the stimulation of the immune system, and due to the increase in defenses, the animal's body acquires resistance to a wide variety of viruses, bacteria, fungi and other pathogenic microorganisms.
Cat owner reviews show that cases where the immunomodulator proved to be highly effective are very different.. The tool has proven itself in the treatment of panleukopenia, parvovirus enteritis and other infectious diseases, and has also shown itself well in the treatment of respiratory diseases. Thanks to the application, regeneration processes are started and healing of even quite complex and nonhealing wounds is accelerated.
According to numerous observations, the drug helps to quickly rid the pet of stomatitis, gingivitis and other diseases of the oral cavity, is well suited for the treatment of skin pathologies (eczema and dermatitis), as well as conjunctivitis. In combination with other pharmaceutical preparations or folk remedies, the immunomodulator “Roncoleukin” just perfectly copes with burns and frostbite, torn infected wounds, as well as fractures and severe bruises.
It is interesting! Recently, the tool is increasingly prescribed during the vaccination period and helps to form a strong immunity to the most common viral diseases.
The drug "Roncoleukin", according to veterinary specialists, is guaranteed to suppress the activity of numerous harmful organisms and allows you to significantly speed up the healing process of the four-legged pet. It is for this reason that such an immunomodulator is very often prescribed in combination with drugs, the action of which is aimed at effectively eliminating the causes of pathological changes or their general symptoms.
It will also be interesting:
In veterinary medicine, analogs of the preparation “Roncoleukin” can be used, among which are “Proleykin” and “Betaleykin”. However, despite their relatively high and undeniable efficacy, it is the “Roncoleukin” immunomodulator that belongs to the means of a new generation, therefore, veterinarians are not advised to save money on animal health and prescribe this most modern drug.