However, these cheerful and active pets often suffer from diseases that can be destroyed in a short time. Diseases of parrots can last from several days to a chronic course throughout life.
Wavy parrots like other pets are subject to various diseases
The most common diseases of wavy parrots can be divided into three groups:
- non-communicable diseases caused by inadequate care and maintenance.
Consider each of these groups in more detail.
Decorative birds, including budgerigars, suffer from the defeat of ascaris, capillaries, tapeworms. By feeding on the contents of the intestines, helminths deprive the parrot of important nutrients micro and macro elements. A pet starting to be ill, loses a lot of weight, the general condition worsens due to severe intoxication with parasites.
External parasites of ornamental birds feeding on integuments, down, feathers and grease of feathers give them great inconvenience. The pet refuses to eat, it becomes nervous and aggressive, it does not sleep well, it is laughing.
Pukhoperoed, another type of mite that feeds on blood and particles of horny layers. The defeat of the puffed-up is characterized by disorders of the skin, feather and down cover. Parasites multiply rapidly, affect vast areas of the body. The parrot is constantly scratched, practically does not eat or sleep.
On the body of the wavy also parasitic well-known fleas. Bird fleas infect birds during the period when the bird incubates eggs and takes care of the offspring. Active and mobile birds rarely “cling” to these parasites.
Healthy parrots are infected with mycoplasmosis from sick birds, most often through airborne droplets.
Causative agent of mycoplasmosis
This disease is accompanied by watery discharge from the nostrils, sneezing, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, inactivity. The parrot often takes on a characteristic posture (ruffles), and you can see wet feathers around your eyes.
Severe stress and unsanitary conditions of detention can affect the transition of the disease into the active phase.
Psittacosis (ornithosis, "parrot" disease)
This microorganism is present in almost all representatives of parrots. The catalyst for the onset and development of the disease is stress.
Parrot with psittacosis
Signs of a common illness manifest as runny nose, sneezing, heavy breathing, diarrhea, weight loss and apathy. Affecting the respiratory and digestive and heart systems, the disease "hits" in the eyes and the bird can completely go blind.
The disease can be transmitted to a person by the aerogenic route through particles of fluff and dried bird feces. The illness is curable, however the probability of complications and repeated infections with ornithosis is high.
Dangerous disease affecting the gastrointestinal tract.
Once in the body, the bacterium causes severe intoxication of the body, disrupts vascular tone, and damages the nervous system. The main symptoms of salmonellosis are severe diarrhea and poultry weakness. Over time, the bird can notice yellowing of the mucous membranes, cyanosis of the limbs (paws), and swelling of the joints.
The most common infection occurs when the use of contaminated feed, dirty water and unsterile eggshell. You can cure with antibiotics.
The development of the disease contributes to poor feeding, weak immunity, long-term antibiotic treatment. Depending on which organ is affected, the symptoms may vary.
Causative agent of candidiasis
The pet has problems with breathing, thickening of the goiter, there is a white plaque on the mucous membranes, regurgitation of food, loss of appetite, apathy.
Aspergillosis has no pronounced symptoms. However, the bird can notice shortness of breath and wheezing.
Causative agent of aspergillosis
If the disease becomes chronic, the parrot will noticeably lose weight, the state of feather cover will deteriorate, the pet will become lethargic and sedentary.
Infection occurs through airborne droplets, through feed, feces of sick birds. Symptoms do not appear immediately, the disease is protracted. Tuberculosis affects the respiratory organs, gastrointestinal tract, bone system, and sometimes the skin.
The main symptoms are severe diarrhea, shortness of breath, lack of appetite, joint damage, skin lesions, nodules on the mucous membranes, anemia.
Inflammation of goiter.
Symptoms of inflammation of the organ mucosa may be confused with symptoms of poisoning or cold.
At first, the bird loses interest in games, ceases to make sounds. Later, the characteristic sour smell of goiter contents appears. In the final stages, the pet goiter inflates, the goiter muscles stop working normally, the mucous membranes become bluish, the bird stops eating and drinking.
The reasons for the manifestation of this disease are different.
How to understand that the budgie is sick
Most of the primary symptoms of budgies are easy to identify. What should be alerted:
- lack of appetite,
- excessive use of water or refusal from it,
- lethargy, apathy,
- change in color and consistency of the litter,
- frequent bowel movements, vomiting,
- discharge from the eyes and beak,
- difficulty breathing, coughing, sneezing,
- feather falling out
- shaking or dropping the head,
- lameness, convulsions.
This is not all the symptoms that accompany the wavy parrot disease. They are much more. However, the presence of the above signs will be alarming "bell" for the owner. The first thing to do is to understand what he is sick and begin to heal immediately.
Finding symptoms of a disease in a parrot contact your ornithologist.
Most diseases of budgies are associated with the quality of feeding, maintenance and care of the pet. Regular inspection of the bird, the creation of favorable conditions and attention - the guarantee of health of the feathered friend.
How to give medicine to a bird
The medicine is mixed into the feed. It is best if the veterinarian determines the daily dose individually. It depends on the age, type, size and illness of the bird. It is important to know that if you decide to self-treat a pernatus, and the bird refuses to take food and water, the medicine must be injected by force through a syringe (without a needle).
The solution is poured through the right corner very slowly, so that the bird will not choke. The veterinarian will usually use a probe or intramuscular injections to inject the medication.
A popular disease in parrots: plucking and eating feathers
This is a fairly common problem for pets who are kept in poorly ventilated indoor areas. If you start the disease, it will be very difficult to rid the pet of the habit of pulling feathers.
In this situation, it is necessary to ventilate the room more often and rearrange the cage so that the bird can receive sun baths.
In case of poisoning and dehydration (usually characterized by diarrhea, vomiting), 5% glucose solution is used: for small parrots, 0.2-0.4 ml per beak, 1-3 times a day for a week, for medium parrots, 1-2 ml for 2- 3 times a day during the week, large parrots and birds, 4-15 ml 2-3 times a day during the week. It is best to discuss the exact dosage with a veterinarian, with self-treatment, remember the main rule - do no harm!
The reason for the departure can be anything: from table salt to household chemicals. Whatever the cause of the poisoning, but if you see diarrhea, cramps and thirst in your bird, you should give your pet absorbent as soon as possible, which will help to reduce the level of toxins in the body. This may be activated carbon, enterosgel, smect.
It is also recommended to heat the bird with a lamp (a tabletop, for example) and add a few drops of citrus juice to the bird's water bowl.
Frequent vomiting, constipation and diarrhea
Such symptoms usually indicate poultry poisoning. But you should not confuse pathological vomiting with natural regurgitation. If the parrot is poisoned, it often begins to burp after eating. And many owners of birds do not know what to do, and what caused such a phenomenon. It may be:
- the result of overfeeding the pet,
- lack of vitamins
- wrong diet
- liver pathologies,
- toxin poisoning
Often, after vomiting in birds, diarrhea begins. This is a result of Salmonella infection. With severe dehydration, the bird weakens quickly and may even die. In such cases, if the parrot is bruised, and the owner does not know what to do, you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible.
Infection with salmonellosis can infect through infected food or dirty water. He has a rise in temperature, as well as apathy, blue beak and paws, frequent liquid diarrhea of green-yellow color with blood patches. In the acute course of the disease, convulsions appear in the parrot or paralysis of the legs, and the bewildered owner doesn’t really know what to do or how to help the pet. The main thing - do not panic!
If a parrot has constipation, many experienced lovers of parrots advise what to do in this case: pour the smecta through a syringe (pre-dilute the medicine in a small amount of water) and drink 1 ml approximately once an hour, give liquid food and water.
If a domestic parrot has a tumor on its belly, most likely it is a lipoma, that is, a tumor mass located below the abdomen. This is usually a benign neoplasm that grows not only in the abdomen, but also in other parts of the bird organs. This is a subcutaneous balloon that, when pressed, moves. Malignant formation is almost motionless, on which vessels are pronounced.
It is possible to treat a lump on the belly of a parrot only after visiting the vet. Obesity of an exotic bird and unhealthy diet leads to the disease. The disease can be stopped if you put the feathery on a diet, including in its menu more porridges, greens and fruits.
As often as possible, the bird must be released from the cage, at least once a day. There are no specific medications for lipoma in the bird of paradise, the disease itself is a common phenomenon. The parrot breeders try to normalize lipid metabolism with the help of a drug intended for humans, Legalon 70.
If a parrot goiter is clearly visible, for example, as in the photo below, there is inflammation, although for a long time the disease in wavy is asymptomatic. The causes of the disease are:
- toxic substances that ptah often inhales,
- substandard food and lack of vitamins,
- poorly purified water
- complications after infections.
An exotic bird-like animal starts to peck at food poorly, lethargy appears, and the drinking regime is disturbed. Over time, vomiting appears in which mucous impurities are present, and the goiter is inflamed. It is a source of infection and the result of fermentation and stagnation. In severe cases, it sags and turns blue.
To treat the disease should only doctor. Only a specialist knows how wavy parrots are sick and how to eliminate an indisposition. With a strong swelling and sagging of the goiter, in some cases, the sick bird most often cannot be saved. At the initial stages, the doctor makes washing the goiter with a 2% solution of Tannin.
Cloaca inflammation in a parrot
This disease is characterized by inflammation of the mucous membrane of the cloaca. The disease is of a catalysis nature, that is, it is caused by bacteria due to improper feeding, lack of vitamins, and also in the event that the bird is given hard-to-digest food. The cloaca is inflamed due to non-compliance with sanitary standards on the content of the feathered friend. The disease is characterized by the following symptoms:
- sticking and sticking feathers around the cloaca,
- inflammation of the skin around the cloaca, puffiness,
- total exhaustion,
- refusal to eat
- decreased activity
- occasionally bleeding or mucus.
In this case, saving the bird yourself is quite difficult. Need help ornithologist. You can use at home for the treatment of Altea broth (a teaspoon). Also, pills with iron sulfate (15 g), glycerin (1.5 g), magnesia (2.5 g) give a good effect. The doctor decides on the use of antibiotics.
Diseases of paws in a parrot
Owners of birds may face the following problem: what to do if a parrot suddenly has a paw that is sick. To such pathology lead:
- sprains, fractures and bruises,
- ulcers on the paws and toes,
- gout joints.
The cause of systemic disease of the paws may be the wrong content, poor diet. If the parrot has a paw foot, the vet will tell you what to do. Usually, the disease manifests itself as lameness or wounds and ulcers. Parrot may be restricted in movement. If a bird cannot lean on a limb, then it is quite possible that it has a fracture.
If the budgerigar has injured a foot, only an experienced veterinarian will tell you what to do and how to eliminate the discomfort. Vitamin A in the diet - a good solution in the presence of ulcers and wounds. If the cell is objectively small, then it is better to expand it. Affected areas can be lubricated with fish oil and oil with vitamin A. Pay attention to the perch - the foot should fit on them and not cause discomfort.
In the case when the parrot's foot hurts as a result of a dislocation or fracture, the doctor will tell you what to do. It is better not to take any action yourself, because gentle creature is easily crippled. Under the conditions of the clinic, the foot will be correctly fixed and prescribed treatment.
Any diseases of birds require careful examination and prompt treatment, even in the initial stages. Diseases of a wavy parrot, photos of which can be viewed in this article, and methods of treatment should be applied only after consulting a specialist, because, unfortunately, in many cases self-treatment can be fatal.
Ticks in birds
Perhaps this is one of the most common misfortunes in birds. For people, ticks do not pose any danger. The bird is almost always itchy. If you push the plumage and look closely, you can see the ticks themselves. They can also start on the paws, near the eyes or beak.
If you do not fight them, then growths may form on their paws or beak. To fight these pests will help petroleum jelly or vegetable oil, which will block access to oxygen and not allow parasites to breathe, as a result of which they will die. You can also use aversectin or novertin ointment.
Diseases of parrots can be similar to "human". Unfortunately, sometimes it happens that the bird overcools and gets sick. The characteristic symptoms of a cold are:
If you see similar signs, it means that the parrot has caught a cold. How to treat a pet in this case? First of all, the cage with a parrot must be placed in a warm room without drafts. In acute colds, a parrot can breathe with an open beak hard, have a cough and sneeze. He should make inhalation. To do this, dry chamomile flowers pour boiling water. Separately, 5 ml of menthol and eucalyptus oil are poured into the bowl. Chamomile and oil tanks are located close to the poultry cage. She begins to breathe useful vapors. Lemon juice, chamomile decoction or honey are added to drinking water to strengthen the pet's immune strength.
The most common diseases of parrots
Signs of a healthy bird:
• Active and cheerful
• Smooth and shiny feathers
• Do not sleep long
• During sleep, sits on one foot
Symptoms of a sick bird:
• Rapid and intermittent breathing.
• Sleeps on two legs.
The reasons for the negative state of the bird can be very different. If you are a newbie among avid lovers, it is better not to rely on your own opinion, but to seek help from a veterinarian, taking a little litter with you for bacterial research. The specialist will be able to correctly diagnose and prescribe the necessary treatment.
* Most often occur as a result of improper feeding of a parrot or poor-quality care for it. The most common disease in this section is avitaminosis. The reasons for their becomes monotonous feeding of a parrot - one type of feed (for example, only dry mixes or only cereals, etc.). The manifestation of the disease will be different - depending on what kind of vitamin is missing (they are so divided: vitamin A deficiency, vitamin B deficiency, etc.).
* Traumatic injury. Fractures and strains of varying degrees of severity most often occur when non-compliance with safety standards during bird flights around the apartment. It is imperative that at this time it is necessary to close the windows with curtains (tulle), cover the mirrors, monitor the open doors and cabinets. These injuries are then very difficult to treat, since any ointment that smears the damaged surface becomes the main remedy. The smeared feathers of parrots begin to pluck out, inflicting new wounds on themselves. In addition, with their strong beak, they tear off the bandages applied to the tire fractures, thus causing complications. In general, carelessness on your part will bring you a lot of trouble.
Возникают в результате того, что в организм пернатого попадают специфические возбудители инфекций. Birds are most often contaminated with stale feed (grain mixture musty with mold) or if the litter of an infected bird is accidentally eaten (if everything is not organized correctly in a cage, otherwise it would be impossible).
Diseases caused by ingestion of poultry animals parasites.
There are a lot of diseases that are dangerous for the person himself, for example, salmonellosis. If you notice deviations in the behavior of your feathered, if there is at least a couple of signs that we have indicated above - do not wait, contact a specialist so that everything does not end sadly.
In Russia, wavy parrots are the most popular among birds. Consider the most common diseases of parrots on the example of symptoms in wavy parrots. In general, wolists living in cages and aviaries have quite strong resistance, but they can also catch the infection. The disease manifests itself in them most often within one day. Birds become lethargic, lose their appetite, sleep a lot, stop chirping and singing songs, “speaking” individuals stop “speaking”. Feather becomes dull, disheveled, brittle, breathing difficult. You should also pay attention to the beak: a healthy horny cover should be smooth without cracks and delamination. The same inspection recommendations apply to the horny surface of the paws.
Simply put - scab. The disease affects the head, legs, beak and eyebrows. Symptoms:
• Beak becomes mottled like shallow dimples.
• Inflammation of the skin around the beak and eyes
• The growth of the horny cover of the fingers on the legs
• The scales on the fingers grow to gigantic sizes.
• Flaccidity and apathy
Treatment occurs within one week. It is necessary to treat the non-operable parts of the body with an oil solution and the “Arpalit” aerosol preparation - the feathered parts of the body. At the end of the treatment, it is necessary to remove the dead layer of horny integument, thoroughly process all instruments, and cage / aviary - disinfect.
It is a joint disease caused by the accumulation of uric acid salts. In addition to the joints, the kidneys and other internal organs are affected. In the absence of the necessary treatment, the bird may die within 3-4 days (the countdown is taken from the day of the appearance of the first nodule). The reason most often becomes an unhealthy diet, namely the abundance of a person’s homemade food uncharacteristic of a parrot. Symptoms:
• White nodules on paws with reddened veins around joints and tendons (they cause severe pain to the pet)
• General weakness, apathy, fatigue
• The alternation of loss of appetite and its sudden appearance
Treatment begins primarily with the removal of painful nodules on the legs. The disinfected needle is punctured and the fluid accumulated there is removed (squeezed out). Vitamins and animal proteins are completely excluded from the diet. In addition, feathery prescribe drugs that contribute to the dissolution of uric acid salts.
Diarrhea most often causes the death of budgerigars, as the owner may not always correctly determine the cause of diarrhea. Only when the bird with diarrhea does not lose its appetite and activity, it can be assumed that the reason for the indisposition was some kind of food. Only in this case, you can self-medicate. If the bird is observed lethargy, drowsiness, incessant diarrhea, an urgent need to consult a specialist. Treatment for diarrhea caused by malnutrition:
• crushed activated carbon
• Sprigs of fruit trees
• Ftalazol (in small doses)
• Exclusion of cabbage, lettuce, plantain and other green food from the diet.
If you properly care for your pet, follow the food and do not engage in unnecessary self-treatment, then your pet will live with you a long, happy and rich life.
05/08/2015 at 12:09 pm | #
Our parrot lived for 7 years. If I had read about the disease of parrots before, it could have been cured. I did not know that diarrhea is so dangerous for them and simply did not pay attention to it.
11/24/2015 at 4:41 pm | #
Help us please! Our girl began to peck out feathers in the circle of the ass and on the tummy. And, so behaves normally. What could it be?
A lack of certain vitamins in the diet, specifically vitamin A, can cause hyperkeratosis. The wax (growth over the beak) suddenly becomes thicker, of a dark color, even begins to peel off and peel off. Over time, the ceramum thickens and expands in all directions, sometimes even closes the nostrils.
There is a myth that only females are sick with hyperkeratosis, but the male wavy parrots have hyperkeratosis many times. It is very easy to prevent it - you need to feed the parrot more often with products that contain vitamin A, for example, red bell peppers, tomatoes, green lettuce, dandelions (for dandelions, it is better to give only leaves).
Careful and careful care of the budgerigar at home is a guarantee of his good health and long life, and these principles apply to parrots. Diseases are easier to prevent than to cure, because the bird's metabolism is very fast and sometimes there is simply no time for treatment.