For the home content choose one bird, if the goal is to teach her to emulate human speech. In a pair or group, parrots communicate with each other and copy the surrounding sounds a little. A single young bird up to 5 months willingly makes contact, easily tamed and imitates the master's speech with pleasure. Moreover, both females and males equally well get used to the conditions and imitate sounds, living alone.
Young healthy parrot should have:
- plumage on the back with clear waves - with age they are smoothed,
- short tail. Long - in adult birds,
- plumage is thick, smooth, without bald spots,
- black eyes. With age, a gray edging appears,
- symmetrical legs,
- purple ceres over beak in young males or blue in females. Dry and clean.
In the course of long-term selection, more than 200 variants of plumage shades were derived. You can choose a wavy parrot to your taste: green, lemon, blue, white, purple or mixed colors.
In the cage there should be a lot of space for the free movement of the parrot from the perch to the perch. For one bird, the minimum cage size is approximately 30x40x40 cm. The cage bars should be horizontal, made of thin, unpainted, stainless steel. Cage for wavy parrot should contain:
- flat bottom, easily retractable tray for easy cleaning,
- 2-3 perches of unpainted twigs of fruit trees,
- 1-2 feeders,
- drinking bowl
- swimming pool
- Toys: bells, a mirror.
Keeping and caring for a wavy parrot
General care for a parrot is not difficult. The bottom of the cage sprinkled with coarse sand with coquina or small gravel. Once a day, clean the pan, wash the feeders, water bottle, fill them with fresh soft water and food. It is better if the trough and trough are made from natural materials: glass or ceramics. The cage needs to be cleaned, changed filler and wipe the walls 1-2 times a week.
If necessary, change the perch. About them, parrots grind claws and beaks, so the tree must be natural, unprocessed. Install the bath need in the warm season. Not all budgerigars love to swim, but it is worth offering them water treatments.
The cage is installed in a room where people are constantly located, because the budgie is a flock of birds, it requires communication. Kitchen and bath because of high humidity, hot steam and strong odors - not a place to stay a parrot. In the summer, for a short time the cage is carried out onto the balcony so that the scorching sun rays do not fall on it.
Prerequisite: the daily flight of a bird outside the cage. Walks can last all day. The door to the cage must be constantly open so that the feathered pet can have a snack or drink water if desired. You can let the bird fly for 15-20 minutes, then lure it into a cage with your favorite delicacy and close it. It is important to equip windows and balcony doors with a mosquito net.
The budgie is a southern bird, it needs a 12-14 day light day. An additional source in the winter is artificial lighting. The ideal humidity for well-being is 55%, the room temperature is 22-25. At night, the cage with a parrot can be covered with a thin, natural, breathing fabric so that the bird can sleep peacefully.
For the full development, maintenance of health and quick recovery after molting, the diet of the budgie should be varied and balanced. But proper feeding of a wavy parrot is not a problem in our time. Parrots are suitable as a basis for solid feed, consisting of a mixture of cereals, and soft food from fruits, vegetables and protein foods, as a supplement.
Grass mixtures for wavy parrots get ready-made or mixed independently at home. Ratios of cereals for composing the mixture: 70% - millet of yellow, red, white and black varieties, 20% - flaxseed, canary, wheat and hemp seed, approximately in equal shares, 10% - oatmeal.
Best store mixes:
- Italian food Fiory pappaqallini with the addition of vegetables and honey for energy and immunity,
- Padovan Grandmix Cocorite Italian food with fruit and biscuits, added minerals and vitamins,
- Vitakraft menu vital German quality and nutritious food with eucalyptus leaves and vegetables.
How to feed a wavy parrot
As an additional soft feed, budgerigars can offer affordable fresh foods. They are sources of essential fiber for birds, vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates.
What you can feed and in what form it is better to give:
- vegetables: carrots, cabbage, cucumber, zucchini, beets - fresh,
- fruits: apple, pear, peaches,
- seasonal berries: raspberries, strawberries,
- protein and calcium sources: hard boiled egg, low-fat cottage cheese,
- fresh plantain leaves, clover, dandelion,
- fresh, young branches of fruit trees, birch, linden, mountain ash.
What can not feed
Categorically it is impossible to give wavy parrots:
- expired cereal mixtures,
- salty, fried or fatty foods,
- bread and bakery products containing flour and yeast harmful to poultry,
- nuts are considered too fatty for the budgie,
- eggplants and potatoes
- radish, onion, garlic,
- exotic fruits: persimmon, mango, avocado,
- branches of lilac, oak, acacia, poplar.
What are afraid of parrots
Many pet birds have phobias and neuroses. Wavy parrots are no exception. The owners of the parrots say that their feathered pets are afraid of sudden movements, loud noises, flashlights, mobile phones. Less common are fears of water, new items, a vacuum cleaner, and cleaning brushes.
The maintenance and care of wavy parrots is not difficult at all, even schoolchildren cope with it. But communication with friendly and melodious birds is a pleasure for all family members.
You choose a bird: where to start caring for a wavy parrot
During the first inspection it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that the chick is quite active, which can be determined by rapid, springy movements, quick reaction, the desire to interact with the outside world. It should have bright eyes, smooth, tight to the body, plumage, light, without hoarseness, breathing and clean feathers in the anus.
The content of the wavy is not difficult, but still takes time
It is also necessary to inspect the beak, which should be smooth, dry, without secretions and extraneous formations, cumin and paws, on which there should be no signs of flaking. Claws should not exfoliate. Care of the budgerigar will be easier if you have information about pernatica.
It is also important to make sure that the bird is young enough, it can be determined by its waxen (in young individuals it is always of a delicate pale pink or bluish color), by the frontal feathers decorated with contrasting colored stripes (by 6-7 months of age, these stripes are lightened) and in the eyes (in chicks, they are evenly dark, in adults there is a gray, and later a white rim along the outer edge).
If the sex of a bird is important for purchase, because there is a perception that males are more talkative, then the “boy” chicks have a lilac cepe (in an adult - deep blue), in a “girl” - blue, white, beige, (in an adult - brownish ) around the nostril openings characteristic white rings.
Introducing and taming wavy
If we talk in general about the breed of parrots, then the most popular, affordable and easy-to-keep breed will be, of course, the breed: budgerigars, whose homeland is the grassy plains of Australia. Also quite popular Corella and lovebirds.
Corella is also an Australian, the smallest member of the cockatoo family, and lovebirds are from Africa and Madagascar. Small sizes allow you to keep these beauties in a normal apartment, in a fairly compact cell, without any problems. When choosing a larger bird (for example, a jaco), it is important to take into account the fact that it needs a large spacious cage or aviary.
Features of feeding wavy parrots
The wavy parrot needs not only careful care, but also proper feeding.
Not all berries can be given wavy parrot
The main components of the diet are as follows:
A parrot needs a varied diet: grains, vegetables, fruits, seeds, tree bark, berries, greens
The basis of the diet is grain feed. Now on sale there is a large selection of feed for different types of birds, so you can easily find the right one for your pet. It can be supplemented with cereals (buckwheat, rice, millet). You must give your pet fresh greens:
- dandelion leaves
- wild cereals
- dried nettle.
Also useful fruits and vegetables:
- an Apple
- mangokusochku zucchini or pumpkin
- grated carrot
Chopped egg, stale white bread is suitable as a protein food. It must be remembered that a pet should always have a drinking bowl with fresh water, to which you can periodically add a few drops of lemon, orange or grapefruit juice.
Wavy content: cell selection criteria
When buying a cage, it is important to understand that it is home to your parrot, so it should feel comfortable in it. The maintenance of wavy parrots should begin with a choice of future "apartments". Spacious and multi-tiered, with the ability to install pits, rings, toys, several feeders, water bottle, bathing tank - the perfect selection, partly compensating for the content in captivity.
It is also important that the cage be comfortable to use and made of durable material. A plastic cage with metal bars will be the best option, as in a wooden one there is a risk of parasites appearing, and a specific smell is guaranteed to be absorbed and stagnate.
Placing the cage too close to the window is not worth it, because of the drafts the bird can get sick. It is advisable to build a parrot content mode so that it has the opportunity to spend as much time as possible outside the cage, to fly, move, communicate. An insufficient number of flights will quickly affect the state of health, first of all, on the respiratory function, which is directly related to the work of the wings.
How often do you need to clean the cage? Care and maintenance of wavy parrots at home provides a number of rules. You need to start with cleanliness. As you know, cleanliness - the guarantee of health. That is why cleaning should be daily.
If for some reason (departure, employment, natural laziness) this does not work, then wood filler can be poured into the cage pan to the sand, as for a cat tray, so that it absorbs smell and moisture, but you should not abuse it.
It is necessary to clean the perch from litter, pour boiling water over the drinkers, remove the husks and the remnants of food from the feeders. Once a week it is necessary to change the sand and hygroscopic paper. You should also disinfect the cell with a 1-2% manganese solution.
Communication with the pet as an important part of care and maintenance
In addition to the considered nuances, it is important not to forget about communication. After all, acquiring a parrot, you want to get a friend or home decoration, so you should not reduce the care and maintenance of budgerigars to cleaning in a cage, but you need to devote time to the pernathic itself.
The first rule is not to impose yourself on the bird, to give it the opportunity to get comfortable, to understand that it has everything necessary for comfortable existence (including peace).
Give the bird time to get comfortable, do not immediately take her hands
After your pet gets a little used to you and the new environment, you need to release it from the cage. It makes sense to get clothes made of thick, easy-to-clean fabric for these cases, if you want to teach your feathery friend to ride on your shoulder like a pirate, but you don’t want to be scratched with claws or marked.
The effectiveness of the process of learning to pronounce words and phrases and taming will depend on many factors. For example, on the breed, age, on whether the parrot is alone or in a pair (in this case, the birds are usually busy with each other). Jaco, for example, is considered the most capable and susceptible to memorizing human speech.
It is believed that the more often to repeat the same phrase or word, the faster the bird will remember and reproduce it. This is not true, because sometimes a pet can memorize a phrase he once heard. Particularly talented can literally convey even whole dialogues and quotes from films, as well as imitate various sounds - car alarms, dog barking, mobile calls, and even support some illusion of conversation with the owner, which makes the owners and guests very entertaining.
Wavy parrots are more prone to reproduction of human speech, it is almost impossible to teach to speak Coral or lovebirds. It makes no sense to turn the process into training, just talk to your winged vis-a-vis every day, as if you were talking to a family member, then the need to answer you will come by itself.
Parrot Diseases and Precautions
Keeping a parrot at home is also a responsible task because you need to monitor the pet's health and understand how to take care of it. Eliminate the likelihood of drafts, so as not to chill the gentle tropical creature, on the window leaves and windows, install additional safety nets to prevent accidental departure outside the apartment.
Safety net in the apartment is required if you do not want the parrot to fly away
Carefully observe the behavior of the "wavy" - lethargy, drowsiness, photophobia, refusal to eat may indicate the beginning of the disease. Some of the diseases, being infectious, can be transmitted to people, we are talking about such diseases as:
- Salmonellosis. Salmonellosis is difficult to detect, often the bird is only a carrier, a reservoir of the disease.
- Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is characterized by a deterioration of the state of feathering, the appearance of ulcers and an increase in lymph nodes. In birds, almost not treated.
- Arizonaosis When arionosis develops anorexia, weakness, tremor, but the measures taken in time give a positive outcome.
- Chlamydia. Signs of chlamydia in parrots: diarrhea, cough, nasal discharge. It proceeds very quickly, often with a deadly ending.
Most of the listed diseases are transmitted by bacteria in the litter, so if you suspect an infection, it will not be superfluous to clean the cage in a protective mask and medical gloves.
Breeding at home
If your plans include an increase in the population of flying pets, then this will require the creation of a number of conditions for reproduction. Breeding parrots in the apartment - it is simple, but troublesome.
The most difficult thing is to pick a couple and understand how to properly care for a wavy parrot, if it lives with the “family”. Breeders who have several individuals and, accordingly, room for selection, do this by observing the parrots in a large aviary.
If they mutually care for the feathers, treat, feed each other, "kiss", then they have every chance to have offspring. Then it is necessary, if necessary, to artificially increase the daylight time to 14-16 hours, to equip the cage (preferably with two doors) with a “nest” - a house closed from prying eyes, where the female would be able to calmly lay and lay nestlings. Proper care and feeding of budgies in this period are especially important!
Feed during this period, along with the usual grain mixture and juicy additives, should be germinated grain, soft, easily digestible food. The quality of the masonry can be checked after a week, with the help of a flashlight or with an ovoscope. If the female stably settled on the eggs, and the male took care of her, there is hope that the pair has taken place.
In the opposite case, when partners quarrel, the mother often leaves the nest, throwing the clutch to the mercy of fate or deliberately breaks the shell (which happens to young inexperienced birds), it makes sense to replace one of the parents. Observing all the criteria for the right content, it’s quite realistic to get beautiful, colorful, healthy offspring from your couple.
Temperature and humidity of the air, comfortable conditions for keeping a parrot
Reducing the temperature for a short time, many parrots tolerate normally. Despite this, one should not allow a long stay of the bird in a cold room or subject it to tangible changes in degrees.
The recommended temperature for optimal maintenance of parrots is from 18 to 20 C. Under these conditions, a favorable atmosphere is created for full-fledged livelihoods, but during reproduction it should be lowered by 2-3 units.
Do not allow indicators above the established norm, as this may lead to a deterioration in the health of the birds, reduced appetite and impaired reproductive function. It is known that a large percentage of unfertilized eggs is observed when the temperature is disturbed.
Lower temperatures have a positive effect on reproduction and fertilization. Уровню влажности воздуха следует так же уделять достаточно внимания. Для помещения, в котором находиться птица, влажность должна находиться в пределах 70-80%.Температура при этом удерживается на показателях 15-20 C.
Control over the level of humidity is necessary when changing degrees. High humidity can cause hypothermia in a parrot.